Illinois prohibits any person from delivering a firearm prior to the expiration of statutory waiting periods, which are currently 24 hours for long guns and 72 hours for handguns.1 Effective June 1, 2019, however, the 72-hour waiting period will apply to both long guns and handgun purchases.2

For transfers through licensed dealers and at gun shows, the Illinois Department of State Police must approve the transfer or inform the dealer of the applicant’s ineligibility within these time periods.3 The waiting periods begin to run at the time an application to purchase the firearm is made. “Application” is defined to mean “when a buyer and seller reach an agreement to purchase a firearm.”4

See our Waiting Periods policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

  1. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(g). ⤴︎
  2. See 2017 IL S 3256, enacted in 2018. ⤴︎
  3. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 65/3.1; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(g). ⤴︎
  4. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(g). ⤴︎