Michigan generally prohibits the carrying of a handgun, concealed or unconcealed, in a vehicle operated or occupied by the person.1 However, this restriction does not apply to: 1) concealed handgun licensees; 2) persons transporting a handgun for a lawful purpose, if the handgun is licensed to the owner or occupant of the motor vehicle, or an antique, and the handgun is kept unloaded in a closed case designed for firearm storage in the trunk of the vehicle (or if the vehicle does not have a trunk, in a location that is not readily accessible to the vehicle’s occupants); and (3) authorized agents of a person licensed to manufacture firearms pursuant to the “regular and ordinary” transportation of handguns as merchandise.2

Generally, a person may not transport or have in his or her possession a firearm in or upon a vehicle, unless the firearm is unloaded and the gun is enclosed in a case, unloaded and carried in the trunk of a vehicle, or unloaded in a motorized boat.3

In addition, a person shall not carry or transport a firearm while in any area frequented by wild animals unless the person has in his or her possession a license to carry a concealed handgun or is otherwise exempt from the licensing requirement.4

Michigan law also provides that a person may carry, transport or possess a firearm without a hunting license if the firearm is unloaded in both the barrel and magazine, and either enclosed in a case or carried in a vehicle in a location that is not readily accessible to any occupant of the vehicle.5 Furthermore, a person may carry, transport, possess or discharge a firearm without a hunting license if:

  • The person is not taking or attempting to take game but is engaged in: target practice using an identifiable, artificially constructed target or targets; practice with silhouettes, plinking, skeet, or trap; or sighting-in the firearm;
  • The person is, or is accompanied by or has the permission of: the owner of the property on which the target practice or sighting-in referenced above is taking place; or the lessee of that property for a term of not less than one year; or
  • The owner or lessee of the property does not receive remuneration for the target practice or sighting-in activity.6

A person may also carry or possess an unloaded weapon at any time if the person is traveling to or from or participating in a historical reenactment.7

A person shall not operate an “off-road vehicle” while transporting a firearm on the vehicle unless the firearm is unloaded and securely encased, or equipped with and made inoperative by a manufactured key-locked trigger housing mechanism.8 Similarly, no person shall operate a snowmobile while transporting a firearm unless the gun in unloaded in both barrel and magazine and securely encased.9


  1. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 750.227(2). ⤴︎
  2. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 750.231a(1). ⤴︎
  3. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.40111(2). ⤴︎
  4. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.43510. When hunting or in a location frequented by wild animals, if a person has a concealed handgun license or falls into an exception to the license requirement, the Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act and related regulations shall not be construed to prohibit a person from transporting or carrying a loaded handgun, whether concealed or not. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.43510(2). ⤴︎
  5. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.43513(1). ⤴︎
  6. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.43513(2). ⤴︎
  7. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.43513(4). ⤴︎
  8. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.81133(j). ⤴︎
  9. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 324.82126(1)(f). ⤴︎