State Law Background
Vermont comprehensively strengthened its gun safety laws in 2018 by enacting legislation that:
- Requires a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed parties;
- Allows certain prosecutors to act to temporarily disarm dangerous people by using an Extreme Risk Protection Order.
- Restricts the sale, transfer, possession, and manufacture of large capacity ammunition magazines; and
- Imposes minimum age requirements on most gun sales.
Despite this progress, Vermont has not taken action in multiple other areas. Among other things, Vermont still does not:
- Have laws combatting gun trafficking;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Restrict firearm access by domestic abusers subject to restraining orders or ensure that convicted domestic abusers actually relinquish their guns;
- Require any permit or license for the carrying of concealed firearms.
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, machine guns, or 50 caliber rifles
- Require firearms dealers or purchasers to obtain a state license;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”)
In 2016, Vermont had the 15th lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. In that year alone, 78 people died from gunshot wounds in Vermont. Vermont had the 20th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2016– meaning that crime guns originally sold in Vermont were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 20th highest rate among the states.
Vermont Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Vermont, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.