State Law Background
Vermont comprehensively strengthened its gun safety laws in 2018 by enacting legislation that:
- Requires a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed parties;
- Allows certain prosecutors to act to temporarily disarm dangerous people by using an Extreme Risk Protection Order.
- Restricts the sale, transfer, possession, and manufacture of large capacity ammunition magazines; and
- Imposes minimum age requirements on most gun sales.
Despite this progress, Vermont has not taken action in multiple other areas. Among other things, Vermont still does not:
- Have laws combatting gun trafficking;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Restrict firearm access by domestic abusers subject to restraining orders or ensure that convicted domestic abusers actually relinquish their guns;
- Require any permit or license for the carrying of concealed firearms.
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, machine guns, or 50 caliber rifles
- Require firearms dealers or purchasers to obtain a state license;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”)
In 2017, Vermont had the 17th lowest gun death rate among the states. In that year alone, 70 people died from gunshot wounds in Vermont. Vermont also supplied crime guns to other states at the 19th highest rate among the states. Vermont exported crime guns at nearly twice the national rate and more than five times the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.
Vermont Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Vermont, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.