State Law Background
Among other things, Utah acts as a “point of contact state,” meaning that it conducts its own background checks on individuals purchasing firearms from licensed dealers.
Utah law does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed individuals;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Regulate the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Require the reporting of mentally ill individuals to the database used for firearm purchaser background checks;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period prior to purchase of a firearm;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Afford local law enforcement significant discretion to deny a concealed carry license; or
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms.
In 2017, Utah had the 21st highest gun death rate among the states. Utah also supplied crime guns to other states at the 30th highest rate among the states. Utah exported crime guns at more than twice the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.
Utah Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Utah, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.