State Law Background
Among other things, Texas requires state officials to report firearm-prohibiting mental health records to the federal database used for firearm purchaser background checks.
Texas law does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed individuals;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Regulate the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Give local law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed carry permit.
In 2017, Texas had the 27th highest gun death rate among the states. Although thousands of crime guns from other states are brought into Texas each year, nearly 85% of Texas crime guns were originally sold in the state.
Texas Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Texas, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.