Ohio has significant room for improvement with regard to gun safety, earning a D on our Annual Gun Law Scorecard. The state fails to require background checks on private sales and doesn’t regulate assault weapons or large-capacity ammunition magazines. In 2017, Ohio had the 22nd-highest gun death rate among the states and was a net exporter of crime guns. To save lives from gun violence, Ohio legislators could require universal background checks and regulate undetectable and untraceable firearms (also known as ghost guns).
State Law Background
Among other things, Ohio requires a firearm owner to report the loss or theft of any firearm in the person’s possession or under the person’s control.
However, Ohio does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate ammunition sales;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Provide local governments with the discretion to deny concealed weapons permits.
In 2017, Ohio had the 22nd highest gun death rate among the states. Ohio also exports more crime guns to other states than it imports.
Ohio Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Ohio, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.