State Law Background
Among other things, New Mexico does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- License or significantly regulate firearms dealers;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- License firearm owners;
- Require the registration of firearms;
- Prohibit individuals convicted of domestic violence misdemeanors or subject to domestic violence protective or restraining orders from purchasing or possessing firearms;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns.
Local governments in New Mexico generally lack authority to regulate firearms and ammunition, and New Mexico requires local law enforcement to issue a concealed handgun license to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2017, New Mexico had the tenth highest gun death rate among the states. New Mexico also supplied crime guns to other states at the 17th highest rate among the states. New Mexico exported crime guns at more than 1.5 times the national rate and nearly twice the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.
New Mexico Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in New Mexico, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.