State Law Background
Among other things, New Mexico does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- License or significantly regulate firearms dealers;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- License firearm owners;
- Require the registration of firearms;
- Prohibit individuals convicted of domestic violence misdemeanors or subject to domestic violence protective or restraining orders from purchasing or possessing firearms;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns.
Local governments in New Mexico generally lack authority to regulate firearms and ammunition, and New Mexico requires local law enforcement to issue a concealed handgun license to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2016, New Mexico had the 8th highest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. New Mexico had the 15th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2016—meaning that crime guns originally sold in New Mexico were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 15th highest rate among the states.
New Mexico Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in New Mexico, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.