State Law Background
Among other things, Montana does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- License or significantly regulate firearms dealers;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Regulate unsafe handguns;
- Require the licensing of gun owners; or
- Impose registration requirements on firearms.
Local governments in Montana generally lack authority to regulate firearms and ammunition, and Montana requires that local law enforcement issue a concealed weapons license to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2016, Montana had the 6th highest rate of gun deaths per capita among the states. Montana also had the 8th highest rate of crime gun exports among the states in 2016–meaning that crime guns originally sold in Montana were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the 8th highest rate per capita among the states.
Montana Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Montana, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.