State Law Background
Among other things, Montana does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- License or significantly regulate firearms dealers;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Regulate unsafe handguns;
- Require the licensing of gun owners; or
- Impose registration requirements on firearms.
Local governments in Montana generally lack authority to regulate firearms and ammunition, and Montana requires that local law enforcement issue a concealed weapons license to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2017, Montana had the third highest gun death rate among the states. Montana also supplied crime guns to other states at the 13th highest rate among the states. Montana exported crime guns at twice the national rate and nearly 2.5 times the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.
Montana Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Montana, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.