State Law Background
Among other things, Minnesota:
- Makes it a crime for an unlicensed person to transfer a firearm without a background check under certain very limited circumstances;
- Imposes child access prevention requirements upon gun owners;
- Prohibits firearm possession by certain misdemeanants and domestic abusers;
- Requires individuals purchasing certain kinds of firearms from a licensed dealer to undergo a background check in addition to the federally required background check, and either comply with a waiting period or obtain a permit;
- Regulates unsafe handguns; and
- Provides some regulation of the possession and sale of certain “semiautomatic military-style assault weapons,” although the state does not generally ban assault weapons.
Minnesota does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to most transfers of firearms between unlicensed parties;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a license, although they must comply with certain security measures;
- Require firearm owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Restrict 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines; or
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time.
Local governments in Minnesota generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition, and Minnesota generally requires county sheriffs to issue a permit to carry a handgun to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2017, Minnesota had the eighth lowest gun death rate among the states. Minnesota also supplied crime guns to other states at less than half the national rate, and the state imported more crime guns than it exported.
Minnesota Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Minnesota, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.