State Law Background
Among other things, Maryland:
- Requires permanent transfers of handguns and assault weapons be processed through a licensed dealer or designated law enforcement agency, who must conduct a background check on the purchaser through the State Police;
- Requires licensure of all dealers in handguns or assault weapons;
- Allows a family member, law enforcement officer, or mental health professional to temporarily disarm a person shown to be dangerous using an Extreme Risk Protective Order;
- Requires purchasers of handguns to obtain a license after completing a certified firearms safety training course;
- Prohibits any person from purchasing more than one handgun or assault weapon within a 30-day period;
- Imposes a seven-day waiting period prior to the physical transfer of a handgun or assault weapon;
- Provides law enforcement with discretion to deny a permit to wear or carry a handgun;
- Imposes design safety standards for handguns;
- Prohibits the transfer of certain assault weapons and large capacity ammunition magazines; and
- Requires firearm owners to report the loss or theft of their firearms.
- Invests substantial state funds in supporting the implementation of evidence-based, community-driven violence intervention strategies in disproportionately impacted communities.
Maryland does not, however:
- Impose significant requirements on most long gun transfers or temporary transfers of handguns; or
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms.
In 2017, Maryland had the 22nd lowest rate of gun deaths among the states. Far more crime guns are trafficked into Maryland than out of the state. In 2017, Maryland imported crime guns from other states at the highest rate in the nation, and the state imported nearly five times as many crime guns as it exported.
Maryland Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Maryland, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.