Indiana has fairly weak gun laws, earning a D- on our Annual Gun Law Scorecard. Indiana was one of the earliest states to enact a type of extreme risk protection order law, which allows law enforcement to temporarily remove guns from at-risk individuals. In 2017, Indiana had the 20th-highest gun death rate in the country and exported crime guns, particularly to neighboring Illinois, at the 11th-highest rate. To save lives from gun violence, Indiana could require a background check and waiting period for all firearm sales.
State Law Background
Among other things, Indiana:
- Requires retail handgun dealers to obtain a state license; and
- Prohibits domestic violence misdemeanants from purchasing or possessing firearms.
Indiana does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- License firearm owners;
- Require the registration of firearms;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns.
Local governments in Indiana generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition, and the state requires local law enforcement to issue a concealed handgun license to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2017, Indiana had the 20th highest rate of gun deaths among the states. Indiana also supplied crime guns to other states at the 11th highest rate among the states. Indiana exported crime guns at more than twice the national rate and more than 2.5 times the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.