State Law Background
Among other things, Illinois:
- Requires that all individuals without concealed handgun permits obtain a ten-year license (a Firearm Owner’s Identification, or FOID, card) to purchase or possess firearms and ammunition. The licensing process requires a detailed background check on the prospective FOID cardholder;
- Allows family members and law enforcement officers to act to temporarily disarm dangerous people by using an Extreme Risk Protection Order (known in Illinois as a Firearms Restraining Order);
- Imposes waiting periods between the purchase and actual transfer of a firearm to a purchaser;
- Has implemented some design safety standards for handguns and has equipped the state attorney general with the authority to adopt detailed standards for handguns;
- Has a Child Access Prevention law, which prohibits leaving a firearm unlocked and accessible to a minor under the age of 14; and
- Requires firearms owners to report lost or stolen firearms to law enforcement.
Illinois does not, however:
- License or otherwise regulate firearms dealers;
- Require firearm owners to register their firearms;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Impose restrictions on purchases or sales of multiple firearms;
- Give local law enforcement broad discretion to deny concealed weapons permits; or
- Generally allow local jurisdictions to regulate firearms (with certain limited exceptions).
In 2016, Illinois had the 17th lowest rate of gun deaths among the states. Far more crime guns are trafficked into Illinois than out of the state. In 2016, Illinois had the ninth lowest rate of crime gun exports among the states – meaning that guns originally purchased in Illinois were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the ninth lowest rate among the states. Illinois exports crime guns at a rate that is less than half the national average. Illinois has the second highest crime gun import rate.
Illinois Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Illinois, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.