State Law Background
Among other things, Illinois:
- Requires that all individuals without concealed handgun permits obtain a ten-year license (a Firearm Owner’s Identification, or FOID, card) to purchase or possess firearms and ammunition. The licensing process requires a detailed background check on the prospective FOID cardholder;
- Allows family members and law enforcement officers to act to temporarily disarm dangerous people by using an Extreme Risk Protection Order (known in Illinois as a Firearms Restraining Order);
- Imposes waiting periods between the purchase and actual transfer of a firearm to a purchaser;
- Has implemented some design safety standards for handguns and has equipped the state attorney general with the authority to adopt detailed standards for handguns;
- Has a Child Access Prevention law, which prohibits leaving a firearm unlocked and accessible to a minor under the age of 14; and
- Requires firearms owners to report lost or stolen firearms to law enforcement.
Illinois does not, however:
- Require firearm owners to register their firearms;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Impose restrictions on purchases or sales of multiple firearms;
- Give local law enforcement broad discretion to deny concealed weapons permits; or
- Generally allow local jurisdictions to regulate firearms (with certain limited exceptions).
In 2017, Illinois had the 20th lowest rate of gun deaths among the states. Far more crime guns are trafficked into Illinois than out of the state. In 2017, Illinois imported crime guns from other states at the third highest rate in the nation, and the state imported nearly five times as many crime guns as it exported.
Illinois Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Illinois, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.