State Law Background
Among other things, Florida:
- Allows law enforcement to petition for extreme-risk protection orders;
- Requires at least a three-day waiting period prior to the purchase of firearms at retail;
- Restricts gun purchases by minors under 21;
- Imposes liability upon persons who fail to secure their firearms to make them inaccessible to children; and
- Prohibits the transfer or possession of certain types of ammunition.
Florida does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private parties (although counties may impose such a requirement);
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- License firearm owners;
- Require the registration of firearms;
- Regulate assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”).
Local governments in Florida generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition, and the state requires the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services to issue a license to carry a concealed weapon to any applicant who meets certain basic qualifications.
In 2017, Florida had the 28th highest gun death rate among the states. Florida was also a net exporter of crime guns in 2017, ranking 35th highest in its rate of crime gun exports that year.
Florida Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Florida, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.