State Law Background
While Alabama does require handgun dealers to obtain a state license, this requirement does not apply to dealers who only sell rifles and shotguns. In addition, Alabama does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between private, unlicensed parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require firearm owners to register their firearms;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases; or
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”).
Local governments in Alabama generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition.
In 2017, Alabama had the second highest gun death rate among the states. Alabama also supplied crime guns to other states at the sixth highest rate among the states. Alabama exported crime guns at more than twice the national rate and more than 2.5 times the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.
Alabama Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Alabama, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.