State Law Background
- Requires handgun dealers (but not dealers in rifles and shotguns) to obtain a state license;
- Requires individuals subject to a domestic violence protective order to relinquish all firearms and ammunition for the duration of the order; and
- Performs its own background checks for handgun sales (but not sales of rifles or shotguns) from licensed dealers.
However, New Hampshire does not, among other things:
- Requires a license to carry a hidden, loaded gun in public;
- Require a background check prior to the sale of any firearm from an unlicensed individual;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require that mental health information be reported for use in firearm purchaser background checks;
- Require firearm owners or purchasers to obtain a license;
- Require the registration of firearms;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms or ammunition; or
- Provide local law enforcement with discretion to deny a license to carry firearms.
In 2016, New Hampshire had the 13th lowest number of gun deaths per capita among the states. However, based on data from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, in 2016, New Hampshire had the 21st highest rate of crime gun exports, exporting nearly nine times as many crime guns as it imported.
New Hampshire Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in New Hampshire, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.