Missouri has appallingly weak gun laws, earning an F in our Annual Gun Law Scorecard. Since 2017, the state has allowed people to carry concealed, loaded firearms in public without a background check or permit. In 2017, Missouri had the sixth-highest gun death rate in the country and exported crime guns at a higher rate than the national average. Missouri could save lives by investing in proven community violence intervention programs, requiring a background check and waiting period before every gun sale, and regulating undetectable and untraceable firearms (also known as ghost guns).
State Law Background
Among other things, Missouri does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed parties;
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Give local law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed carry permit.
In 2017, Missouri had the sixth highest gun death rate among the states. Missouri also supplied crime guns to other states at a higher rate than the national average, and the state exports more crime guns than it imports.
Missouri Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Missouri, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.