See our Gun Dealers policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.
Federal law requires firearms dealers to obtain a license from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosives (ATF), although resource limitations prevent the ATF from properly overseeing all its licensees.
Oregon has no law requiring firearms dealers to obtain a state license or permit. However, firearms dealers are subject to state laws governing gun sales generally.
The Superintendent of State Police may adopt rules necessary for the provision of a security system to identify dealers who request a criminal history record check, and for the creation and maintenance of a database of the business hours of gun dealers.1
For laws requiring dealers to:
- Conduct a background check on prospective firearm purchasers, see the Oregon Background Checks section.
- Retain records of firearm sales, see the Retention of Sales/Background Check Records section.
When a firearm is delivered by a dealer, it must be unloaded.2