Laws that prohibit the purchase of a firearm by a person subject to a domestic violence restraining order are associated with a reduction in the number of intimate partner homicides.1

From November 30, 1998 – August 31, 2011, the prohibited category misdemeanor domestic violence conviction accounted for 93,805, or 10.8% of federal NICS background check denials for a firearm purchase.

[Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Denials, Reasons Why the NICS Section Denies, November 30, 1998–August 31, 2011,]

In 2009, a domestic violence misdemeanor conviction or restraining order was the second most common reason for denial of a firearm transfer following a background check by a state (14%) or local agency (16%). For FBI background checks only (excluding state or local agency checks), a domestic violence conviction or restraining order was the third most common reason for denying a gun transfer (behind felony convictions/indictments and fugitives).

[Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2009 – Statistical Tables, 2, 13, at]

  1. Elizabeth R. Vigdor et al., Do Laws Restricting Access to Firearms by Domestic Violence Offenders Prevent Intimate Partner Homicide?, 30 Evaluation Rev. 313, 332 (June 2006). ⤴︎