See our Categories of Prohibited People policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.
Federal law prohibits certain persons from purchasing or possessing firearms, such as felons, certain domestic abusers, and certain people with a history of mental illness.
New Mexico prohibits people who have been convicted of felonies from receiving, possessing or transporting a firearm within ten years of completing a sentence or probation.1 New Mexico also prohibits any person under age 19 from knowingly possessing or transporting a handgun.2
New Mexico also enacted legislation in 2019 to permanently prohibit some abusers convicted of domestic violence crimes from accessing firearms, and to prohibit some abusers subject to domestic violence protective orders from accessing firearms for the duration of the order. For more information about these laws, see the Domestic Violence & Firearms in New Mexico page.