Illinois prohibits any person from delivering a firearm prior to the expiration of statutory waiting periods, which are 24 hours for long guns and 72 hours for handguns.1 For transfers through licensed dealers and at gun shows, the Illinois Department of State Police must approve the transfer or inform the dealer of the applicant’s ineligibility within these time periods.2 The waiting periods begin to run at the time an application to purchase the firearm is made. “Application” is defined to mean “when a buyer and seller reach an agreement to purchase a firearm.” Non-residents of Illinois who purchase long guns at gun shows are not subject to these waiting periods.3

See our Waiting Periods policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

  1. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(g). ⤴︎
  2. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 65/3.1; 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(g). ⤴︎
  3. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(g). ⤴︎