State Law Background
Among other things, Texas requires the reporting of mentally ill individuals to the federal database used for firearm purchaser background checks.
Texas law does not, however:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed individuals;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Regulate the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Give local law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed carry permit.
In 2016, Texas had the 28th highest rate of gun deaths among the states. In addition, according to data published by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, in 2016, Texas exported the third largest number of crime guns among the states, though its per capita rate of gun crime exports was the 13th lowest among the states.
Texas Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Texas, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.