State Law Background
Among other things, South Dakota law does not:
- Require a background check prior to the transfer of a firearm between unlicensed individuals;
- Require firearms dealers to obtain a state license;
- Regulate the transfer or possession of assault weapons, 50 caliber rifles, or large capacity ammunition magazines;
- Require gun owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Require the reporting of mentally ill individuals to the federal database used for firearm purchaser background checks;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Regulate unsafe handguns (“junk guns” or “Saturday night specials”);
- Significantly regulate ammunition;
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms; or
- Give local law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed handgun permit.
In addition, in 2009, South Dakota repealed the state’s 48-hour waiting period for handgun purchases.
In 2016, South Dakota had the 22nd highest rate of gun deaths among the states. Additionally, in 2016, South Dakota was a net exporter of guns used in crimes in other states.
South Dakota Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in South Dakota, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.