State Law Background

Among other things, Illinois:

  • Requires that all individuals without concealed handgun permits obtain a ten-year license (a Firearm Owner’s Identification, or FOID, card) to purchase or possess firearms and ammunition. The licensing process requires a detailed background check on the prospective FOID cardholder;
  • Imposes waiting periods between the purchase and actual transfer of a firearm to a purchaser – 24 hours for long guns and 72 hours for handguns;
  • Has implemented some design safety standards for handguns and has equipped the state attorney general with the authority to adopt detailed standards for handguns;
  • Has a Child Access Prevention law, which prohibits leaving a firearm unlocked and accessible to a minor under the age of 14;  and
  • Requires firearms owners to report lost or stolen firearms to law enforcement.

Illinois does not, however:

In 2015, Illinois had the 12th lowest rate of gun deaths among the states. Far more crime guns are trafficked into Illinois than out of the state. Between 2010 and 2015, Illinois had the ninth lowest rate of crime gun exports among the states – meaning that guns originally purchased in Illinois were recovered after being used in crimes in other states at the ninth lowest rate among the states. Illinois exports crime guns at a rate that is less than half the national average.

Illinois Firearms Laws

For details about specific firearms laws in Illinois, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.