State Law Background
In 2012, Colorado experienced the horrific mass shooting in a movie theater in the City of Aurora. In 2013, Colorado significantly upgraded its gun laws. Now Colorado:
- Requires a background check processed by a licensed firearms dealer before most firearm transfers, including most unlicensed transfers;
- Has established a procedure for the surrender of firearms by convicted domestic abusers and abusers subject to domestic violence protective orders; and
- Prohibits the sale, transfer and possession of certain large-capacity ammunition magazines.
Colorado still does not, however:
- Prohibit the transfer or possession of assault weapons or 50 caliber rifles;
- Require firearm dealers to obtain a state license;
- Require firearm owners to obtain a license, register their firearms, or report lost or stolen firearms;
- Impose a waiting period on firearm purchases;
- Limit the number of firearms that may be purchased at one time;
- Require handguns to meet design safety standards;
- Significantly regulate ammunition sales; or
- Provide law enforcement discretion to deny a concealed handgun permit.
Local governments in Colorado, with the exception of Denver, generally lack authority to regulate firearms or ammunition.
In 2015, Colorado ranked 22nd in the number of gun deaths per capita among the states. 701 people died from firearms injuries in Colorado that year. Colorado is also a source of guns used in crimes in other states. Based on data published by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, in 2009, Colorado ranked 19th in the number of crime guns exported, and exported guns used in crimes at almost twice the rate at which it imported them.
Colorado Firearms Laws
For details about specific firearms laws in Colorado, choose a topic below, or see all of the firearms laws in this state.