Guns in Schools in Alabama

Alabama law generally prohibits knowingly, with intent to do bodily harm, carrying or possessing a firearm on the premises of a public school, however, concealed handgun license holders are exempt from this prohibition.1 The term “public school” applies only to a school composed of grades K-12, but includes a school bus used for grades K-12.2

Alabama has no law restricting firearms on the campuses of colleges or universities.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for comprehensive discussion of this issue.

 

Notes
  1. Ala. Code § 13A-11-72. The term “deadly weapon” includes any firearm. Ala. Code § 13A-11-72. ⤴︎
  2. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Alaska

Alaska prohibits guns in schools. Alaska generally prohibits the knowing possession of a firearm, carried openly or concealed, at any preschool, elementary, junior high or secondary school, including the buildings, grounds, parking lots or school buses, without the permission of the chief administrative officer of the school or district.1 Students are also prohibited from knowingly possessing a firearm within the buildings of, on the grounds of, or on the school parking lot of a public or private preschool, elementary, junior high, or secondary school, on a school bus while being transported to or from school or a school-sponsored event, or while participating in a school-sponsored event, unless the student has obtained the prior permission of the chief administrative officer or his or her designee of the school or district.2

Alaska also prohibits concealed weapons permit holders from carrying a concealed handgun in these locations.3

Alaska has no specific statutes or regulations restricting firearms on college or university property.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Alaska Stat. § 11.61.210(a)(8). ⤴︎
  2. Alaska Stat. § 11.61.210(a)(8). ⤴︎
  3. Alaska Stat. § 18.65.755. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Arizona

Arizona prohibits the possession of a firearm on the grounds of any public or nonpublic kindergarten program, common school or high school, except for use in a program approved by the school, and except by a person who is authorized by the state to carry a firearm (e.g., has a concealed carry permit).1 The exception for concealed carry permit holders does not apply at public schools, because governing boards of public school districts are required to prescribe and enforce policies and procedures prohibiting weapons on school grounds without specific authorization from the school administrator.2 Although private schools in Arizona may allow concealed carry permit holders or others to carry firearms on school grounds, they are not required to allow firearms on their property.3

Arizona limits schools’ ability to restrict the carry of firearms in vehicles on school property in certain circumstances. An adult may carry an unloaded firearm within a means of transportation on school grounds, provided that if the adult leaves the means of transportation, the firearm must not be visible from the outside, and the means of transportation must be locked.4 In addition, governing boards of K-12 schools, colleges, and universities may not prohibit a person from lawfully carrying a concealed firearm inside a means of transportation on a public right-of-way.5

Arizona administrative regulations govern the possession of firearms on the grounds of state colleges and universities.6

See our Guns in Schools Policy Summary for further information.

Notes
  1. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3102(A)(12), (C)(4), (H), (M)(4). ⤴︎
  2. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-341(A)(23). ⤴︎
  3. See Op. Att’y Gen. Ariz. No. I16-009 (R15-024) (Sept. 2, 2016), 2016 Ariz. AG LEXIS 9, *1 n.1. ⤴︎
  4. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3102(H). ⤴︎
  5. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-2911(I), (K). ⤴︎
  6. Ariz. Admin. Code § 7-4-102(3). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Arkansas

Arkansas generally prohibits the possession of a firearm, concealed or unconcealed:

  • Upon the developed property of public K-12 schools;
  • In or upon any school bus; or
  • At a designated bus stop as identified on the route lists published by school districts each year.1

However, Arkansas allows persons licensed to carry concealed handguns to posses or store a firearm in his or her car on  K-12 premises.2 In addition, a church that operates a private K-12 school and a private K-12 school or preschool may allow a person licensed to carry a concealed handgun to possess a firearm on school property.

Under a law passed in 2017 (and effective September 1, 2017),3 Arkansas now generally compels public colleges and universities to allow CCW holders to carry concealed handguns on campus and in college or university buildings if they have completed a one-time training course approved by the Director of the Arkansas State Police.4 CCW holders who complete this training course are given a “concealed carry endorsement” by the State Police on their CCW licenses indicating that they may carry on public college and university campuses, as well as certain other public buildings.5

The 2017 law also generally authorizes CCW holders (whether or not they have a “concealed carry endorsement”) to carry concealed handguns on the campuses of private colleges and universities, unless the college or university has adopted a policy expressly forbidding people from carrying concealed handguns on campus premises and in campus buildings and has posted notices to that effect.6

Public and private colleges or universities may submit a “security plan” to the Arkansas State Police Department for approval in order to obtain permission to designate various areas as firearm-sensitive areas only while the college or university is hosting or sponsoring a “collegiate athletic event.” ((Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-101(11), 5-73-122(3)(D)(iv), 5-73-306(20), 5-73-325.))

However, it remains generally unlawful to store a handgun in a college or university-operated dormitory or residence hall7 and minors under the age of 18 are generally prohibited from possessing a handgun in Arkansas.8 People who do not have a CCW license (or who do not have a CCW license with a concealed carry endorsement for public colleges and universities) are also still generally prohibited from possessing a handgun on or about their person, while in an occupied vehicle, or otherwise readily available for use “with a purpose to employ the handgun as a weapon against a person” while on college or university grounds.9

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-119(b)(1), 5-73-122(a)(3)(D)(ii). ⤴︎
  2. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-119(e)(12). ⤴︎
  3. 2017 AR HB 1249, Section 8. See also, 2017 AR SB 724. ⤴︎
  4. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-322(b), (g), (j). ⤴︎
  5. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-322(g)(3). ⤴︎
  6. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-322(c), 5-73-306(18). ⤴︎
  7. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-322(d), 5-73-119(c). ⤴︎
  8. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-119(a). ⤴︎
  9. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-119(c). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in California

Grades K through 12: California prohibits any person from possessing a firearm in a place that person knows, or reasonably should know, is a school zone.1 “School zone” is defined as an area in, or on the grounds of, a public or private school providing instruction in kindergarten or grades one to twelve, inclusive, or within a distance of 1,000 feet from the grounds of the public or private school.2 However, a person may possess a firearm in a school zone:

  • Within a place of residence or place of business or on private property, if that location is not part of the school grounds and the possession of the firearm is otherwise lawful;3
  • When the firearm is an unloaded handgun and is in a locked container or within the locked trunk of a motor vehicle;4
  • For the lawful transportation of any other firearm, other than a handgun, in accordance with state law;5
  • When the person possessing the firearm reasonably believes that he or she is in grave danger because of circumstances forming the basis of a current restraining order issued by a court against another person or persons who has or have been found to pose a threat to his or her life or safety.6 This exception does not apply in certain circumstances involving a mutual restraining order;7
  • When the person is a licensed gun dealer, manufacturer, importer, or wholesaler, or a member of an authorized military or civilian organization when parading, and the gun is unloaded;8
  • When the person is a guard or messenger of a common carrier or bank who, within the course of his or her employment, transports or delivers money or other valuables;9 or
  • When the person is a duly appointed peace officer, honorably retired police officer, or security guard authorized to carry a concealed firearm under state law.10

These restrictions also do not apply to existing shooting ranges at public or private schools or university or college campuses.11

People may carry ammunition onto school grounds if the ammunition is kept within a locked container or within the locked trunk of a motor vehicle.12

See the Non-Powder Guns in California section for information about non-powder guns in schools.

The principal or superintendent of a school or school system must immediately suspend, and recommend the expulsion of, any pupil that he or she determines has possessed a firearm, or sold or furnished a firearm to others, either at school or at a school activity off school grounds, provided that another employee of the school district has verified the pupil’s possession of a firearm.13 However, a pupil may obtain prior written permission to possess a firearm from a certificated school employee, if the principal or a designee of the principal concurs.14

The superintendent or principal of a school is also authorized to suspend and recommend for expulsion any pupil who possesses an imitation firearm. An “imitation firearm” is any replica of a firearm that is so substantially similar in physical properties to an existing firearm that a reasonable person would consider it a firearm.15

With limited exceptions, no person may carry ammunition or reloaded ammunition onto school grounds.16

Colleges and universities: California generally prohibits a person from bringing or possessing a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, upon the grounds of a public or private university or college campus, or any buildings owned or operated for student housing, teaching, research, or administration by a public or private university or college, which are contiguous or are clearly marked university property.17 Universities and colleges must post prominent notices at primary entrances on non-contiguous school property stating that firearms are prohibited on that property.18 Possession of a firearm on university or college property is allowed if the university or college president or an equivalent authority has granted permission in writing.19 Concealed weapons licensees were exempt from this prohibition until the enactment of SB 707 in 2015.20 However, California law now requires that concealed weapons license holders obtain written permission from authorized school officials before carrying firearms or ammunition onto college and university campuses, unless the unloaded firearm or ammunition is kept in a locked container or within the locked trunk of a motor vehicle.21

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(b). ⤴︎
  2. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(e)(1). ⤴︎
  3. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(c)(1). ⤴︎
  4. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(c)(2). ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎
  6. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(c)(3). ⤴︎
  7. Id. (referencing Cal. Fam. Code § 6200 et seq.). ⤴︎
  8. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(c)(4) (referencing §§ 25615, 25625). ⤴︎
  9. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(c)(4) (referencing §§ 25630 and 25645). ⤴︎
  10. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(l), (m), (o). ⤴︎
  11. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(n). ⤴︎
  12. Cal. Penal Code § 30310(b)(10). ⤴︎
  13. Cal. Educ. Code §§ 48900(b), 48915(c)(1). ⤴︎
  14. Id. ⤴︎
  15. Cal. Educ. Code §§ 48900(m), 48915(c)(1). ⤴︎
  16. Cal. Penal Code § 30310(a). This requirement does not apply to peace officers, members of the military, or armored vehicle guards carrying out their official duties, to concealed weapons license holders, or to individuals who have the written permission of the school district superintendent or equivalent school authority. Cal. Penal Code § 30310(b). ⤴︎
  17. Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(h), (i). ⤴︎
  18. Id. ⤴︎
  19. Id. ⤴︎
  20. See former Cal. Penal Code § 626.9(l). ⤴︎
  21. Cal. Penal Code §§ 626.9(b), (c), 30310. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Colorado

Colorado prohibits any person from knowingly and unlawfully and without legal authority carrying, bringing, or having in his or her possession a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded,1 in or on the property of any public or private elementary, middle, junior high, high or vocational school, or any public or private college, university or seminary.2 Exceptions to this prohibition include:

  • Presenting an authorized public demonstration or exhibition pursuant to instruction in conjunction with an organized school or class;
  • Carrying out the necessary duties of an employee of an educational institution that require the use of a deadly weapon;
  • Participating in an authorized extracurricular activity or on an athletic team;
  • Possession of a firearm in the lawful possessor’s dwelling or place of business, or on property owned or under that person’s control at the time of possession;
  • Possession in a private automobile or other private means of conveyance for protection of that person, another person, or their property while traveling;
  • Possession of a handgun pursuant to a valid permit to carry a concealed handgun or a temporary emergency permit, except if the person was carrying a concealed handgun in violation of the state law described below that prohibits possession of a concealed handgun onto the property of a elementary, middle, junior high, or high school;
  • Possession of a firearm by a school resource officer when carrying a weapon in conformance with the policy of the employing agency; or
  • Possession of a firearm for use in an educational program approved by a school that includes, but is not limited to, any course designed for the repair or maintenance of weapons.3

A concealed handgun permittee may only carry a handgun on the property of a public elementary, middle, junior high or high school if he or she is: 1) on duty as a security guard for the school; 2) within his or her private vehicle (if the permittee is not with the vehicle, the handgun must be within a closed compartment within the locked vehicle); or 3) upon undeveloped property owned by a school district used for hunting or shooting sports.4  This provision does not apply to colleges, universities, and seminaries. Colorado requires the expulsion of any student who is determined to have brought a firearm to a school, or to have possessed a firearm at a school, for a period of not less than one year, except that the superintendent of the school district may modify this requirement for a student on a case-by-case basis if such modification is in writing. 5

In 2012, the Supreme Court of Colorado held that the Board of Regents lacks the authority to regulate concealed handgun possession on University of Colorado campuses.6 Consequently, it is lawful for concealed handgun permit holders to carry concealed handguns on these campuses.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. As defined under Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-1-901(3)(e). ⤴︎
  2. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-105.5(1). ⤴︎
  3. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-105.5(1), (3). ⤴︎
  4. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-214(3). ⤴︎
  5. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-33-106(1.5). ⤴︎
  6. See Regents of the Univ. of Colo. v. Students for Concealed Carry on Campus, 271 P.3d 496 (Colo. 2012). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Connecticut

Connecticut prohibits any person from possessing a firearm, knowing that he or she is not licensed or privileged to do so: 1) in or on the real property comprising a public or private elementary or secondary school; or 2) at a school-sponsored activity.1

This prohibition does not apply to gun possession:

  • For use in a program approved by school officials in or on school property or at the school-sponsored activity;
  • In accordance with an agreement entered into between school officials and the possessor or the possessor’s employer; or
  • While traversing school property for the purpose of gaining access to public or private lands open to hunting or for other lawful purposes, provided the firearm is not loaded and the entry on school property is permitted by the local or regional board of education.2

Connecticut requires expulsion hearings for any student who: 1) possessed a firearm on school grounds or at a school-sponsored activity; 2) possessed a firearm off school grounds in violation of Conn. Gen. Stat. § 29-35 (carrying a handgun without a permit); or 3) possessed and used a firearm in the commission of a crime.3 If found to have possessed and/or used a firearm, the pupil will be expelled for one calendar year. The board of education or the hearing board may modify the period of expulsion for a pupil on a case-by-case basis.4

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-217b(a). ⤴︎
  2. Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-217b(b). ⤴︎
  3. Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-233d(a)(2). ⤴︎
  4. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Delaware

Delaware prohibits any juvenile from possessing a firearm or other deadly weapon while in or on a “Safe School and Recreation Zone.”1

Delaware prohibits any person from committing any of the following state offenses in or on a “Safe School and Recreation Zone:”

  • Carrying a concealed deadly weapon, including a concealable firearm (state law does not exempt concealed weapons permit holders from this prohibition);
  • Possessing a destructive weapon; or
  • Possession and purchase of deadly weapons by a person prohibited from such activities.2

A “Safe School and Recreation Zone” is defined as:

  • Any building, structure, athletic field, sports stadium or real property owned, operated, leased or rented by any public or private school including, but not limited to, any kindergarten, elementary, secondary or vocational-technical school, or any college or university, within 1,000 feet thereof;
  • Any motor vehicle owned, operated, leased or rented by any public or private school including, but not limited to, any kindergarten, elementary, secondary or vocational-technical school, or any college or university; or
  • Any building or structure owned, operated, leased or rented by any county or municipality, or the state, or any board, agency, commission, department, corporation or other entity thereof, or any private organization, which is utilized as a recreation center, athletic field or sports stadium.3

Affirmative defenses to these prohibitions include:

  • Weapons possessed pursuant to an authorized course of school instruction, or for the purpose of engaging in any school-authorized sporting or recreational activity;4 or
  • That the prohibited conduct took place entirely within a private residence, and that no person under age 18 was present in such private residence at any time during the commission of the offense.5

In Delaware, any elementary or secondary school student who possesses a firearm or other deadly weapon in a “Safe School and Recreation Zone” shall be expelled by the local school board or charter school board of directors for a period of not less than 180 days unless otherwise provided for in federal or state law. The local school board or charter school board of directors may, on a case by case basis, modify the terms of the expulsion.6

Delaware requires certain institutions of higher learning to publish rules and regulations governing the possession and use of firearms on campus by employees, students and visitors.7

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 1457(a). ⤴︎
  2. Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 1457(a), (b). ⤴︎
  3. Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 1457(c). ⤴︎
  4. Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 1457(f). ⤴︎
  5. Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 1457(g). ⤴︎
  6. Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, § 1457(j)(5). For state administrative regulations implementing the federal Gun Free Schools Act, 20 U.S.C. § 7151, see 14-600-603 Del. Code Regs. §§ 1.0 – 3.0. ⤴︎
  7. Del. Code Ann. tit. 14, § 9004(b)(6). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Florida

A Florida license to carry a concealed firearm does not authorize a person to openly carry a handgun or carry a concealed firearm into:

  • Any elementary or secondary school administration building;
  • Any elementary or secondary school facility;
  • Any area technical center or career center;
  • Any school, college, or professional athletic event not related to firearms; or
  • Any college or university facility.1

Florida law also prohibits a person who is trespassing on school property from possessing a firearm. “School property” means the grounds or facility of any kindergarten, elementary school, middle school, junior high school, secondary school, career center, or postsecondary school, whether public or nonpublic.2

School districts in Florida must each adopt a student code of conduct that includes notice that possession of a firearm by any student while on school property or in attendance at a school function may result in disciplinary action and criminal prosecution.3 School districts may also adopt written and published policies that prohibit the possession of concealed firearms within the interior of a private vehicle for the purposes of student and campus parking privileges.4

Florida law gives the board of trustees of a community college the authority to place restrictions on access to firearms on community college-owned or controlled buildings and grounds.5 The board of trustees of a state university has similar authority, as developed through the guidelines of the Board of Governors of the State University System.6

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(12). ⤴︎
  2. Fla. Stat. § 810.095. ⤴︎
  3. Fla. Stat. § 1006.07(2)(g), (k). See also Fla. Stat. § 1006.13(3)(a) (mandating expulsion for students who possess a firearm at school). ⤴︎
  4. Fla. Stat. § 790.115(2)(a)(3). “School” means any preschool, elementary school, middle school, junior high school, secondary school, career center, or postsecondary school, whether public or private. Id. ⤴︎
  5. Fla. Stat. § 1001.64(5). ⤴︎
  6. Fla. Stat. §§ 1001.706(7)(b). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Georgia

Georgia law bars any person (including the holder of a “weapons carry” license) from carrying, possessing or having under the person’s control any firearm while within a school safety zone (meaning in or on any real property or building owned by or leased to any elementary, secondary, or local board of education used for elementary or secondary education),1 or on a bus or other transportation furnished by the school.2 There are numerous exceptions to this prohibition, however.  Among other exceptions, this prohibition does not apply to:

  • A firearm used for classroom work authorized by a teacher;
  • Participants in organized sports shooting events or firearms training courses;
  • A person authorized in writing by a duly authorized school, local board of education, or postsecondary institution official to have a firearm in his or her possession or use within a school safety zone or on a bus or other transportation furnished by a school;
  • A holder of a weapons carry license when he or she is within a school safety zone or on a bus or other transportation furnished by a school, or when he or she has a firearm legally kept within a vehicle parked within a school safety or in transit through a designated school safety zone;
  • A firearm under the control of a weapons carry license holder in a locked compartment, container or firearms rack in or on a motor vehicle being used by a non-student adult over 21 within a school safety zone or on a bus or other transportation furnished by a school, or when such vehicle is used to transport someone to an activity being conducted within a school safety zone which has been authorized by a duly authorized official; or
  • A person residing or transacting lawful business or visiting such resident located within a school safety zone but outside a school building, school property, a school function, or school-furnished transportation.3

In 2017, Georgia repealed its law prohibiting guns on campuses of higher education. The state now allows holders of weapons carry licenses to carry concealed handguns inside any building, or on real property, owned by or leased to any public technical school, vocational school, college, or university, or other public institution of postsecondary education.4 Guns are still prohibited in the following areas of campuses, however:

  • Buildings or property used for athletic sporting events or student housing, including, but not limited to, fraternity and sorority houses;
  • Preschools or childcare spaces located on campus;
  • Rooms or spaces being used for classes related to a college and career academy or other specialized schools;
  • Rooms or spaces being used for classes in which high school students are enrolled through a dual enrollment program; and
  • Faculty, staff, or administrative offices or rooms where disciplinary proceedings are conducted.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127.1(a)(3). ⤴︎
  2. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127.1(b)(1). ⤴︎
  3. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127.1, (c), (d)(1). Regarding the suspension or expulsion of students who have carried a firearm in school, see Ga. Code Ann. §§ 20-2-751.1(a), 20-2-751(4). ⤴︎
  4. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127.1(c)(20). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Hawaii

Hawaii generally does not prohibit the carrying of guns in schools, except by students.

Any student who possesses a firearm at an elementary or secondary school shall be “excluded” for not less than one year.1 The Superintendent, on a case-by-case basis, may modify this exclusion. If a child is excluded from attending school, the Superintendent shall ensure that substitute educational activities or other appropriate assistance shall be provided.2

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-1134(b). ⤴︎
  2. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Idaho

Idaho prohibits any person from possessing a firearm on the property of a private or public elementary or secondary school or in those portions of any building, stadium or other structure on school grounds which, at the time of the violation, were being used for an activity sponsored by or through a school, or while riding school provided transportation.1

Exceptions to this prohibition include: 1) a person who lawfully possesses a firearm as part of a program, event, activity or other circumstance approved by the school board of trustees or governing board; 2) any adult not enrolled in a public or private elementary or secondary school who has lawful possession of a firearm secured and locked in his or her vehicle; 3) a person who lawfully possesses a firearm in a private vehicle while delivering minor children, students or school employees to and from school or a school activity;2 and 4) any person who is authorized by a person, board or other entity having authority over the building or facility to carry a concealed weapon.3

In addition, the board of trustees shall expel for a period of not less than one year, or may deny enrollment to, a student who possessed a firearm on school property. The board may modify the expulsion or denial of enrollment order on a case-by-case basis.4

Idaho authorizes the Board of Regents of the University of Idaho, the boards of trustees of the state colleges and universities, the board of professional-technical education and the boards of trustees of community colleges to prescribe rules and regulations relating to firearms, although this authority does not extend to concealed carry permit holders.5 College and university authorities may not regulate or prohibit the otherwise lawful possession, carrying or transporting of firearms or ammunition by concealed carry permit holders.6

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

 

Notes
  1. Idaho Code Ann. §§ 18-3302D(1)(a), (b), 18-3302C; see also Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3302D(1)(a). ⤴︎
  2. See Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3302D(4). ⤴︎
  3. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3302C. ⤴︎
  4. Idaho Code Ann. § 33-205. ⤴︎
  5. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3309(1), (2). ⤴︎
  6. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3309(2).) However, permit holders may not carry a concealed weapon within a student dormitory or residence hall, or within the building of a “public entertainment facility” owned by a college or university (theaters, auditoriums, sports arenas, etc., with a seating capacity of at least 1,000) provided that proper signage is conspicuously posted at each public entrance to the facility notifying attendees of any restriction on the possession of firearms in the facility during the game or event. ((Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3309(2). These restrictions are subject to limited exceptions, and do not apply to a person who possesses a firearm in a private vehicle while delivering students, employees or other persons to and from a university, college or public entertainment facility. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Illinois

Elementary & Secondary Schools

Illinois prohibits the knowing possession or carrying of any firearm, stun gun, or taser on or about the person in any public or private elementary or secondary school, on the person or in a vehicle on the real property of any school, in any conveyance owned, leased or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on the person or in a vehicle on any public way within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising a school.1

This prohibition is subject to various exceptions, including possession in any vehicle or concealed on or about the person when transported: 1) broken down in a non-functioning state; 2) not immediately accessible; or 3) unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container by a person who has a valid FOID card.2 Nor does this prohibition apply to law enforcement officers or school security officers or to students carrying or possessing firearms for us in training courses, parades, hunting target shooting on school ranges, or otherwise with the consent of school authorities as long as such firearms are transported unloaded enclosed in a suitable case, box, or transportation package.  ((720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1 (c)(3).))

Finally, state law prohibits any person age 18 or older from selling, giving, or delivering any firearm to any person under age 18 in any public or private elementary or secondary school, or on the real property comprising any such school.3

In Illinois, a school board must expel a student who possessed a firearm or other weapon at school, any school-sponsored activity or event, or any activity or event which bears a reasonable relationship to school, for not less than one year.4 The expulsion period may be modified by the superintendent, and the superintendent’s determination may be modified by the board, on a case-by-case basis. A student subject to suspension or expulsion may be eligible for a transfer to an alternative school program.5

Illinois law also defines aggravated battery with a firearm to include knowingly or intentionally causing injury with a firearm to a person known to be a teacher, school employee, or student who is on school grounds or adjacent to a school.  This is punishable with a minimum prison sentence of 15 years.6

Possession of a silencer, machine gun, or short-barreled shotgun in any public or private elementary or secondary school or within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising a school is a Class 2 felony punishable by a prison sentence of 3 to 7 years.7  The possession of various other weapons in any such areas, including black-jacks, metal knuckles, dirks, and switchblades is punishable as a Class 4 felony8

Colleges & Universities

Illinois prohibits the knowing possession or carrying of any firearm on or about the person in any community college, college, or university, on the person or in a vehicle on the real property comprising any such school, in any conveyance owned, leased or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on the person or in a vehicle on any public way within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising such a school.9

This prohibition is subject to several exceptions, including possession for use in training courses, parades, hunting, target shooting on school ranges, or otherwise with the consent of school authorities.10 The possession of a firearm by a FOID card holder is allowed in any vehicle or concealed on or about the person when transported: 1) broken down in a non-functioning state; 2) not immediately accessible; or 3) unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container.11

Illinois prohibits any person age 18 or older from selling, giving or delivering any firearm to any person under age 18 in any community college, college or university, or on the real property comprising any such school.12

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10), (c)(1.5), (4). ⤴︎
  2. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10). ⤴︎
  3. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3.3. See also 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(a), (b), (i), (C)(4). ⤴︎
  4. 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/10-22.6(d). ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎
  6. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/12-4.2(a)(4), (b). ⤴︎
  7. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(6), (7), (c)(1). ⤴︎
  8. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1 (c)(2). ⤴︎
  9. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10), (c)(1.5), (4). ⤴︎
  10. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10), (c)(3). ⤴︎
  11. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10). ⤴︎
  12. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3.3. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Indiana

Indiana does not permit any person, including a person licensed to carry a handgun, to possess a firearm in or on:

  • School property (including private schools and preschools1 ); or
  • Property that is being used by a school for a school function or on a school bus.2

However, a person who is specifically authorized by a school board may carry a concealed firearm on school property.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. See Ind. Code Ann. § 35-41-1-24.7 for a definition of “school property”. ⤴︎
  2. Ind. Code Ann. § 35-47-9-2. In Indiana, a student who is identified as bringing a firearm to school or on school property, or in possession of a firearm on school property, shall be expelled for at least one calendar year. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-33-8-16(d). The school superintendent may, on a case by case basis, modify the period of expulsion for a student who is expelled under this section. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-33-8-16(e). ⤴︎
  3. Ind. Code Ann. § 35-47-9-1(a). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Iowa

Iowa prohibits any person from carrying, going armed with or transporting any firearm, whether concealed or not, on the grounds of a public or non-public school.1

This prohibition does not apply to any person: 1) specifically authorized by the school to carry, go armed or transport a firearm on the school grounds, including for purposes of conducting an instructional program regarding firearms;2 or 2) among others, who for any lawful purpose carries an unloaded handgun or other dangerous weapon inside a closed and fastened container or securely wrapped package which is too large to be concealed on the person.3 Certified peace officers with a valid permit to carry concealed firearms are specifically authorized “to go armed anywhere in the state at all times, including on the grounds of a school.”4

In Iowa, the board of directors of a school district and the authorities in charge of a nonpublic school which receives services supported by federal funds shall expel from school for a period of not less than one year a student determined to have brought a firearm to school or knowingly possessed a firearm at school.5 The superintendent or chief administering officer of a school or school district may modify expulsion requirements on a case-by-case basis. The board of directors of a school district or the authorities in charge of a nonpublic school may also provide educational services to the student in an alternative setting.6 The board of directors of a public school and the authorities in control of a nonpublic school shall prescribe procedures for continued school involvement with a student who is suspended or expelled for possession of a firearm on school premises, and for the reintegration of the student into the school following the suspension or expulsion.7

Iowa has no law prohibiting firearms at private colleges or universities.8

See our Guns in Schools policy summary  for a comprehensive discussion on this issue.

Notes
  1. Iowa Code § 724.4B(1). “School” means a public or non-public school, as defined under Iowa Code § 280.2. ⤴︎
  2. Iowa Code § 724.4B(2)(b). ⤴︎
  3. See Iowa Code § 724.4B(2)(a). ⤴︎
  4. Iowa Code § 724.6(1)(c). ⤴︎
  5. Iowa Code § 280.21B. ⤴︎
  6. Id. ⤴︎
  7. Iowa Code § 280.17B. ⤴︎
  8. An administrative rule prohibits the possession of firearms on the campus of any public institution of higher learning. 681 Iowa Admin. Code 9.1(2)(g). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Kansas

Kansas law prohibits possessing a firearm in or on any school property or grounds upon which is located a building or structure used by a unified school district or an accredited nonpublic school for student instruction or attendance or extracurricular activities of pupils enrolled in kindergarten or any of the grades 1 through 12 or at any regularly scheduled school-sponsored activity or event.1 This prohibition does not apply to a firearm secured in a motor vehicle by a parent, guardian, custodian or someone authorized to act in such person’s behalf who is delivering or collecting a student.2  This prohibition also does not apply to possession of a concealed handgun by an individual who is not prohibited from possessing a firearm under federal or state law.3

In April 2013, Kansas enacted HB 2052, a law that, among things, placed substantial new restrictions on state and municipal agencies and officers’ authority to prohibit individuals from carrying concealed handguns in public buildings and workplaces.4 HB 2052 went into effect on July 1, 2013, but delayed implementation for four years for public colleges and universities.5 (The law outright exempted certain other public buildings, including buildings owned or leased by K-12 school districts).6

However, as of July 1, 2017, public colleges and universities are now compelled to allow concealed carry in all buildings that do not provide “adequate security measures,” as defined,7 “to ensure that no weapons are permitted to be carried into such building[.]”8 The “adequate security measures” required by this law are onerous. In order to prohibit concealed carry, public buildings and employers must have “electronic equipment and personnel” stationed at all public entrances,9 “including, but not limited to, metal detectors, metal detector wands or any other equipment used for similar purposes to ensure that weapons are not permitted to be carried into such building by members of the public.”10 To prohibit concealed carry in campus buildings, public colleges and universities must also post conspicuous notices regarding their concealed carry policy, as specified.11

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6301(a)(11), (12). See also Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-89a01(b), 72-89a02 (requiring the expulsion of students who possess a firearm at school, on school property, or at a school supervised activity). ⤴︎
  2. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6301(i)(3). ⤴︎
  3. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6301(i)(5). ⤴︎
  4. See 2013 KS HB 2052, Sec. 2 (codified at K.S.A. § 75-7c20). ⤴︎
  5. K.S.A. § 75-7c20(j). ⤴︎
  6. K.S.A. § 75-7c20(m)(5)(B). ⤴︎
  7. K.S.A. § 75-7c20(m)(1). ⤴︎
  8. K.S.A. § 75-7c20(a). ⤴︎
  9. This includes all entrances unless access to the entrance is “restricted to the public and requires a key, keycard, code, or similar device to allow entry to authorized personnel.” K.S.A. § 75-7c20(b), (m)(3). ⤴︎
  10. K.S.A. § 75-7c20(m)(1). ⤴︎
  11. K.S.A. § 75-7c20(a). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Kentucky

Kentucky prohibits any person from knowingly possessing or carrying a firearm, whether openly or concealed, in a building, on a bus, or on any other property owned, used or operated by any elementary or secondary public or private school.1 This prohibition does not apply to, inter alia:

  • Persons possessing firearms for instructional or school-sanctioned ceremonial purposes;
  • A postsecondary school or a school of higher education;
  • Adults who possess firearms which are contained within vehicles and which are not “brandished” while the vehicle is on school property;
  • Any other persons, including exhibitors of historical displays, who have been authorized to carry a firearm by the board of education or board of trustees of a public or private institution;
  • Persons hunting during the lawful hunting season on lands designated as open to hunting by the board of the educational institution; and
  • Persons possessing unloaded hunting weapons while traversing the grounds of any public or private school, unless the grounds are posted with a sign prohibiting entry.2

With certain exceptions, public or private universities, colleges, and other postsecondary education facilities (including technical schools and community colleges) may prohibit the carrying of concealed weapons by licensees on their properties.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 527.070(1). ⤴︎
  2. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 527.070(1), (3). Other exceptions include persons possessing guns when conducting or attending a “gun and knife show” when the program has been approved by the board of the educational institution. Id. ⤴︎
  3. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.115(1). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Louisiana

Louisiana prohibits any person from carrying a firearm, openly or concealed, on school property, at a school-sponsored function, or in a “firearm-free zone” (which includes a school campus, an area within 1,000 feet of a school campus, and inside a school bus).1 The term “school” includes any elementary school, secondary school, high school, vocational-technical school, college or university.2 This prohibition does not extend to the 1,000 feet outside of school property if:

  • The location is entirely on private property;
  • The location is entirely within a private residence; or
  • The firearm is carried in accordance with a concealed handgun permit.3

Louisiana law also requires the expulsion of any student found in possession of a firearm at the school.4

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. La. Rev. Stat. §§ 14:95.2, 14:95.6. ⤴︎
  2. La. Rev. Stat. § 14:95.2(B)(1). ⤴︎
  3. La. Rev. Stat. § 14:95.2(C)(4), (N)(11). ⤴︎
  4. La. Rev. Stat. § 17:416(C)(2). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Maine

Maine law prohibits possession of a firearm on public school property.1 In 2010, Maine adopted a law extending this prohibition to the property of approved private schools.2

No law in Maine prohibits possession of a firearm on the campus of a college or university, although colleges and universities may regulate the possession of firearms on their own property.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Me. Stat. 20-A, § 6552. ⤴︎
  2. 2009 Me. ALS 614 § 2. ⤴︎
  3. Me. Stat. 20-A, § 10009. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Maryland

Maryland prohibits any person from carrying or possessing a firearm on public school property.1

Exceptions to this prohibition include persons engaged in an organized shooting activity for educational purposes and persons who, with a written invitation from the school principal, display or engage in a historical demonstration using a weapon or a replica of a weapon for educational purposes.2

There is no exception for possession by handgun permit holders.

This law does not apply to an off-duty law enforcement officer who is a parent, guardian, or visitor of a student attending a school located on the public school property, provided that:

  • The officer is displaying the officer’s badge or credential; and
  • The weapon carried or possessed by the officer is concealed. ((Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-102(a)(2).)

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

 

Notes
  1. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-102(b). In Maryland, a county superintendent or the superintendent’s representative shall suspend a student for a minimum of one year if that student possesses a firearm on school property. Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305(f)(2). The superintendent may specify, on a case-by-case basis, a shorter period of expulsion or an alternative educational setting, if alternative educational settings have been approved by the county board, for a student who brought a gun onto school property. Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305(f)(3). See also Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.12-1. ⤴︎
  2. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-102(a). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Massachusetts

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Massachusetts prohibits carrying a firearm on the grounds of any elementary or secondary school, college or university without the written authorization of the board or officer in charge of such elementary or secondary school, college or university.1 Massachusetts also penalizes an officer in charge of an elementary or secondary school, college or university or any faculty member or administrative officer of an elementary or secondary school, college or university who fails to report a violation of this rule.2

 

Notes
  1. Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 269, § 10(j). ⤴︎
  2. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Michigan

Elementary and Secondary Schools

Michigan prohibits any person from possessing a firearm in a “weapon free school zone,” (defined to include any public, private, denominational, or parochial school offering developmental kindergarten, kindergarten, or grades one through twelve), as well as in vehicles used by a school to transport students to or from school property.1

Exceptions to this prohibition include:

  • Possession of a non-concealed firearm by an individual licensed to carry a concealed weapon;2
  • Possession of a weapon provided by a school or a school’s instructor on school property for purposes of providing or receiving instruction in the use of that weapon;
  • Possession with the permission of the school’s principal or an agent of the school designated by the school’s principal or the school board; and
  • Possession by a person 18 years of age or older who is not a student at the school, on school property, while transporting a student to or from the school, if:

The firearm is unloaded in a wrapper or container in the trunk of the person’s vehicle, while in possession of a valid Michigan hunting license or proof of valid membership in an organization having shooting range facilities, and while en route to or from a hunting or target shooting area;

The firearm is unloaded in a wrapper or container in the trunk of the person’s vehicle from the place of purchase to his or her home or place of business or to a place of repair or back to his or her home or place of business, or in moving goods from one place of abode or business to another place of abode or business; or

The firearm is unloaded in the passenger compartment of a vehicle that does not have a trunk, if the person is otherwise complying with the requirements of the aforementioned exceptions and the wrapper or container is not readily accessible to the occupants of the vehicle.3

Though Michigan allows concealed handgun license holders (and concealed weapons license holders from other states) to carry non-concealed firearms in weapons-free school zones, it prohibits such individuals from carrying concealed handguns on the premises of a school or school property, except that a parent or legal guardian of a student of the school is not precluded from carrying a concealed handgun while in a vehicle on school property, if he or she is dropping the student off at the school or picking the student up from the school.4

Michigan also prohibits persons from engaging in a list of firearm-related conduct and criminal offenses in any weapons-free school zone.5

In Michigan, if a pupil possesses a firearm in a weapons-free school zone, the school board or its designee are required to expel the pupil from the school district permanently, subject to possible reinstatement.6

Colleges and Universities

Michigan law also prohibits concealed handgun license holders from carrying a concealed handgun in a dormitory or classroom of a community college, college, or university.7

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

 

Notes
  1. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 750.237a(4), (6)(b)-(e). ⤴︎
  2. See Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 28.425o(1)(a). ⤴︎
  3. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 750.237a(5). ⤴︎
  4. See Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 28.425o(1)(a). ⤴︎
  5. See Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 750.237a(1), (2). ⤴︎
  6. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 380.1311(2). For reinstatement provisions, see Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 380.1311(5). A school board is not required to expel a pupil for possessing a firearm if the pupil establishes in a “clear and convincing manner” one of the following:

    • The object or instrument possessed by the pupil was not possessed by the pupil for use as a weapon, or for direct or indirect delivery to another person for use as a weapon;
    • The weapon was not knowingly possessed by the pupil;
    • The pupil did not know or have reason to know that the object or instrument possessed by the pupil constituted a dangerous weapon; or the weapon was possessed by the pupil at the suggestion, request, or direction of, or with the express permission of, school or police authorities. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 380.1311(2). ⤴︎
    • Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 28.425o(1)(h). In June 2009, the Michigan State University Board of Trustees voted to allow the license holders to carry concealed firearms about campus. Possession of guns remains prohibited in University buildings, including classrooms and dormitories. See Brittany Shammas, MSU Allows People to Carry Concealed Firearms on Campus, The State News, June 21, 2009, at http://www.statenews.com/index.php/article/2009/06/msu_allows_people_to_carry_concealed_firearms_on_campus. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Minnesota

Minnesota prohibits the possession, storing, or keeping of a firearm while knowingly on school property.1

School property includes:

• Public or private elementary, middle, or secondary school buildings and its improved grounds, whether leased or owned by the school;

• A child care center licensed under state law during the period children are present and participating in a child care program;

• The area within a school bus when that bus is being used by a school to transport one or more elementary, middle, or secondary school students to or from school-related activities; and

• That portion of a building or facility under the temporary, exclusive control of a public or private school, a school district, or an association of such entities where conspicuous signs are prominently posted at each entrance that give actual notice to persons of the school-related use.2

Exceptions to the prohibition of gun possession on school property include:

• Persons authorized to carry a handgun while in a motor vehicle or outside of a motor vehicle to directly place a firearm in, or retrieve it from, the trunk or rear area of the vehicle;

• Persons who keep or store in a motor vehicle firearms in accordance with provisions under state law;

• Firearm safety or marksmanship courses or activities conducted on school property;

• A gun or knife show held on school property; or

• Persons who are on unimproved property owned or leased by a child care center, school, or school district unless the person knows that a student is currently present on the land for a school-related activity.3

Minnesota prohibits any person with a permit to carry a firearm from carrying a firearm on or about the person’s clothes or person in a location the person knows is school property.4 Exceptions to this prohibition include possession by a handgun carry permittee who lawfully stores a firearm in a motor vehicle, or while he or she is in a motor vehicle, or while he or she is directly placing a firearm in or retrieving it from the trunk or rear area of a vehicle.5

School boards are required to expel for a period of at least one year a pupil who brought a firearm to school.6 A board may modify this expulsion requirement for a pupil on a case-by-case basis.7

A public postsecondary institution regulated under state law may establish policies that restrict the carrying or possession of firearms by its students while on the institution’s property, and academic sanctions may be invoked for a violation.8 A postsecondary institution may not prohibit the lawful possession of firearms in a parking facility or parking area.9

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1d(a). ⤴︎
  2. Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1d(e)(4). ⤴︎
  3. Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1d(f). ⤴︎
  4. Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1d(d). ⤴︎
  5. Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1d(f)(3), (4). ⤴︎
  6. Minn. Stat. § 121A.44(a). ⤴︎
  7. Id. ⤴︎
  8. Minn. Stat. § 624.714, subd. 18(b). ⤴︎
  9. Minn. Stat. § 624.714, subd. 18(c). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Mississippi

Mississippi prohibits any person from carrying, whether openly or concealed, any firearm on educational property.1 Exceptions include:

  • Possessing a firearm within a motor vehicle which he or she does not brandish, exhibit or display in any careless, angry or threatening manner by people who are not students;
  • A firearm used solely for educational or school-sanctioned ceremonial purposes, or used in a school-approved program conducted under the supervision of an adult whose supervision has been approved by the school authority; and
  • Competitors while participating in organized shooting events.2

Mississippi prohibits concealed carry licenses from possessing a concealed handgun in any: 1) elementary or secondary school facility; 2) any junior college, community college, college or university facility unless for the purpose of participating in any authorized firearms-related activity; or 3) any school, college or professional athletic event not related to firearms.3 However, persons who have an enhanced concealed carry permit. are exempt from this prohibition.4 Applicants must be over age 21, pass a background check and have taken a voluntary course on the safe handling and use of firearms by a certified instructor to obtain the enhanced permit.5  Despite this exemption for concealed carry permit-holders who have taken a safety training course, private schools may still exercise their right as private property owners to exclude all firearms from their property if they choose.6

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-17(2). “Educational property” is defined under Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-17(1)(a) as any public or private school building or bus, public or private school campus, grounds, recreational area, athletic field, or other property owned, used or operated by any local school board, school, college or university board of trustees, or directors for the administration of any public or private educational institution or during a school-related activity. ⤴︎
  2. Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-17(6), (7). ⤴︎
  3. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13); see also Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-17(2). ⤴︎
  4. See Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-7(2). ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎
  6. Op. Miss. Att’y Gen. No. 2013-00023 (Oct. 1, 2013), 2013 Miss. AG LEXIS 248, *8-9 (“An enhanced permit cannot constitutionally take away the rights of property owners to exclude persons from their property if that is their wish. …Therefore, private property owners, including … private schools…may exclude from their premises persons carrying weapons.”). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Missouri

K-12 Schools

Missouri prohibits the carrying of a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, into any school, onto any school bus, or onto the premises of any function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.1

This prohibition does not apply to any person traversing school premises for the purposes of transporting a student to or from school, or possessed by an adult for the purposes of facilitation of a school-sanctioned firearm-related event or club event.2 This prohibition also does not apply:

  • When the possessor is transporting a firearm in a nonfunctioning state, unloaded with the ammunition not readily accessible, or when the firearm itself is not readily accessible;
  • To any person with a valid concealed carry permit or endorsement;
  • To persons who are engaged in a lawful act of defense; or
  • To a student participating in school-sanctioned gun safety courses, or other school-sponsored firearm-related events, provided the student does not carry a firearm or other weapon readily capable of lethal use into any school, onto any school bus, or onto the premises of any other function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.3

In Missouri, a concealed carry endorsement does not permit the holder to carry a concealed firearm into any elementary or secondary school facility without the consent of a school official or the district school board.4 Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of any elementary or secondary school facility is allowed as long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises.5

Colleges and Universities

People with concealed carry permits are not permitted to carry firearms into any higher education institution facility without the consent of the governing body of the higher education institution. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of any higher education institution or elementary or secondary school facility shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises.6

Additionally, an administrative regulation provides that, at the University of Missouri, the possession of firearms on university property is prohibited except in regularly approved programs or by university agents or employees in the line of duty.7

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.1(10). ⤴︎
  2. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.3. ⤴︎
  3. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030.1(3)-(6). ⤴︎
  4. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(10). ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎
  6. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(10). ⤴︎
  7. Mo. Code Regs. Ann. tit. 6, § 250-4.010(10). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Montana

K-12 Schools

Montana prohibits any person from purposely and knowingly carrying a firearm in a school building.1 However, the trustees of the school district may grant advance permission to possess a firearm within the school.2 “School building” means all buildings owned or leased by a local school district that are used for instruction or for student activities.3 Montana does not appear to exempt concealed weapons licensees from this prohibition.4

In Montana, a teacher, superintendent, or principal shall suspend immediately for good cause a student who brings a firearm to school.5 The student must also be expelled from school for a period of not less than one year, except that the trustees may authorize the school administration to modify the requirement for expulsion of a student on a case-by-case basis.6 A school district may provide educational services in an alternative setting to an expelled student.7

Colleges and Universities

No express law prohibits people with concealed carry permits from carrying guns on the campuses of colleges and universities. No express law takes the power to regulate the possession of guns on campus away from colleges and universities either, therefore, colleges and universities may prohibit the possession of guns on campus.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-361(1), (5)(b). ⤴︎
  2. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-361(3)(b). ⤴︎
  3. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-361(5)(a). ⤴︎
  4. Mont. Code Ann. §45-3-111(3). ⤴︎
  5. Mont. Code Ann. § 20-5-202(3). ⤴︎
  6. Mont. Code Ann. § 20-5-202(2). ⤴︎
  7. Mont. Code Ann. § 20-5-202(4)(b). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Nebraska

Nebraska prohibits any person from possessing a firearm in a school, on school grounds, in a school-owned vehicle, or at a school-sponsored activity or athletic event.1 “School” means a public, private, denominational, or parochial elementary, vocational, or secondary school, a private postsecondary career school, a community college, a public or private college, a junior college, or a university.2

Exceptions include:

  • Firearms which may lawfully be possessed by the person receiving instruction, for instruction under the immediate supervision of an adult instructor;
  • Firearms which may lawfully be possessed by a member of a college or university rifle team, within the scope of such person’s duties as a member of the team;
  • Firearms which may lawfully be possessed by a person employed by a college or university in this state as part of an agriculture or a natural resources program of such college or university, within the scope of such person’s employment;
  • Firearms contained within a private vehicle operated by a nonstudent adult which are not loaded and: a) are encased; or b) are in a locked firearm rack that is on a motor vehicle; or
  • A handgun carried as a concealed handgun by a valid holder of a state permit while in a vehicle or on his or her person while riding in or on a vehicle into or onto any parking area, which is open to the public and used by a school if, prior to exiting the vehicle, the handgun is locked inside the glove box, trunk, or other compartment of the vehicle, a storage box securely attached to the vehicle, or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, a hardened compartment securely attached to the motorcycle while the vehicle is in or on such parking area.3

In Nebraska, schools must expel for a period of not less than one year any student who knowingly and intentionally possessed, used or transmitted a firearm on school grounds, in a vehicle owned, leased, or contracted by a school being used for a school purpose, or in a vehicle being driven for a school purpose by a school employee or his or her designee, or at a school-sponsored activity or athletic event.4

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1204.04(1). ⤴︎
  2. Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 28-1201(8). ⤴︎
  3. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 28-1204.04(1). ⤴︎
  4. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 79-263(1). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Nevada

Nevada prohibits any person from carrying or possessing a firearm on the property of the Nevada System of Higher Education (state university and college system), a private or public school or child care facility, or while in a vehicle of a private or public school or child care facility.1

Nevada prohibits concealed firearms permittees from carrying a concealed firearm while on the premises of a public building located on the property of a public school, a child care facility, or the property of the Nevada System of Higher Education, without specific written permission.2

This prohibition does not restrict the possession of a firearm on the property of a private or public school or child care facility by a: 1) peace officer; 2) school security guard; or 3) person having written permission from the president of a branch or facility of the Nevada System of Higher Education, the principal of the private or public school, or the person designated by a child care facility to give permission to carry or possess the firearm. The possession of a firearm is also permissible at a child care facility located at or in the home of a natural person by the person who owns or operates the facility, as long as the person resides in the home and complies with any laws governing the possession of such a weapon.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this subject.

Notes
  1. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 202.265(1)(e). ⤴︎
  2. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 202.3673(3)(a). ⤴︎
  3. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 202.265(3). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in New Hampshire

New Hampshire has no law prohibiting persons who are not pupils from possessing firearms in a school zone. Any pupil who brings or possesses a firearm – concealed or otherwise – in a safe school zone (any school property or school bus) without written authorization from the superintendent shall be expelled from school by the local school board for at least 12 months.1

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 193:13(II). New Hampshire law defines “safe school zone” to include any school property or school bus. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 193-D:1(II). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in New Jersey

New Jersey prohibits the knowing possession of any firearm in or upon any part of the buildings or grounds of any school, college, university or other educational institution without the written authorization of the governing officer of the institution.1 This prohibition applies irrespective of whether the possessor has a valid permit to carry the firearm or a valid Firearms Purchaser Identification Card.2

The state also prohibits any person from knowingly possessing specified weapons3 or any components which can readily be assembled into a firearm “under circumstances not manifestly appropriate for…lawful use” while in or upon any part of the buildings or grounds of any school, college, university or other educational institution without the written authorization of the governing officer of the institution.4

In addition, New Jersey prohibits the knowing possession of any imitation firearm in or upon any part of the buildings or grounds of any school, college, university or other educational institution without the written authorization of the governing officer of the institution, or while on any school bus.5

Any pupil convicted of or adjudicated delinquent for possession of a firearm or a crime while armed with a firearm, or found knowingly in possession of a firearm on any school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored function, shall be immediately removed from the school’s regular education program pending a hearing before the local board of education to remove the pupil from the regular education program for a period of not less than one calendar year.6 This is subject to modification on a case-by-case basis by the chief school administrator. Any pupil removed from the regular education program shall be placed in an alternative education program. If placement in an alternative education program is not available, the pupil shall be provided home instruction or other suitable facilities and programs until alternative placement is available.7

Finally, no person shall, for the purpose of hunting, taking or killing any wildlife, have in his or her possession a loaded firearm while within 450 feet of any school playground.8

State regulations provide that a district board of education shall immediately remove any student from school for a period of not less than one calendar year if the student has been:

  • Convicted or adjudicated delinquent for possession of a firearm on any school grounds, including on a school bus or at a school-sponsored function;
  • Convicted or adjudicated delinquent for committing a crime while in possession of a firearm on school grounds, including on a school bus or at a school-sponsored function; or
  • Found knowingly in possession of a firearm on any school grounds, including on a school bus or at a school-sponsored function.9

Exceptions to these punitive measures include firearms that are lawfully stored in a locked vehicle on school grounds, or guns used for activities approved and authorized by the district board of education, so long as the district board of education adopts appropriate safeguards to ensure student safety.10

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-5e(1). ⤴︎
  2. Id. ⤴︎
  3. Stun guns and any weapon or device that projects, releases, or emits tear gas or any other substance intended to produce temporary physical discomfort or permanent injury through being vaporized or otherwise dispensed in the air, per N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-1r(4). ⤴︎
  4. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-5e(2). ⤴︎
  5. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-5e(3). ⤴︎
  6. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:37-8. ⤴︎
  7. Id. ⤴︎
  8. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 23:4-16d. ⤴︎
  9. N.J. Admin. Code § 6A:16-5.5(a), (b). ⤴︎
  10. N.J. Admin. Code § 6A:16-5.5(j). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in New Mexico

Elementary & Secondary Schools

New Mexico prohibits the possession of a firearm on school premises.1 School premises are defined as:

  • The buildings and grounds, including playgrounds, playing fields and parking areas and any school bus of any public elementary, secondary, junior high or high school in or on which school or school-related activities are being operated under the supervision of a local school board; or
  • Any other public buildings or grounds, including playing fields and parking areas that are not public school property, in or on which public school-related and sanctioned activities are being performed.2

The New Mexico Concealed Handgun Carry Act does not allow a concealed handgun licensee to carry a concealed handgun on the premises of a school or preschool.3

In New Mexico, each school district is required to adopt a policy providing for the expulsion from school, for a period of not less than one year, of any student who knowingly brings a firearm to a school under the jurisdiction of the local board.4 The local school board or district superintendent may modify the expulsion requirement on a case-by-case basis.5

Colleges & Universities

New Mexico prohibits the possession of a firearm on the premises of post-secondary educational institutions, such as universities, community colleges, branch community colleges, technical-vocational institutes and area vocational schools.6 “Premises” are defined as:

  • The buildings and grounds of a university, including playing fields and parking areas of a university, in or on which university or university-related activities are conducted; or
  • Any other public buildings or grounds, including playing fields and parking areas that are not university property, in or on which university-related and sanctioned activities are performed.7

Exceptions include persons conducting or participating in a university-approved program, class or other activity involving the carrying of a firearm, and persons over age 19 on university premises in a private automobile or other private means of conveyance for lawful protection of the person’s or another’s person or property.8

Universities and colleges shall conspicuously post notices on their premises that state that it is unlawful to carry a firearm on such premises.9

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-2.1(A). ⤴︎
  2. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-2.1(B). ⤴︎
  3. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 29-19-8(B), (C). ⤴︎
  4. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-5-4.7(A), (C). ⤴︎
  5. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-5-4.7(A). ⤴︎
  6. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-2.4(A), (C)(1). The University of New Mexico applies disciplinary procedures and sanctions to any visitor who possesses or stores any firearm on university property. N.M. Code R. § 5.60.6.8(L). ⤴︎
  7. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-2.4(C)(2). ⤴︎
  8. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-2.4(A). ⤴︎
  9. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-2.4(B). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in New York

New York makes it a felony offense for any person, including a handgun license holder, to knowingly possess a firearm in or upon a building or grounds, used for educational purposes, of any school, college or university (except the forestry lands owned and maintained by the State University of New York), or upon a school bus without the written permission of the institution.1

New York law instructs the Governor to establish “School Safety Improvement Teams,” which may be composed of representatives from the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services, the Division of State Police, the Division of Criminal Justice Services, and the Department of Education.  These teams will review, assess, and make recommendations to improve school safety plans submitted on a voluntary basis by school districts having a population of less than 125,000.2

In January, 2013, New York law was amended to allow school districts that purchase various security devices (stationary metal detectors, security cameras, etc.) included in their School Safety Plans to receive state building aid reimbursement at a rate ten percent higher than their prior building aid ratio.  The Commissioner of Education will annually set a special cost allowance for metal detectors and security cameras, and approved expenditures must not exceed this allowance.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. N.Y. Penal Law §§ 265.01(3), 265.01-a.  New York also prohibits any person age 16 or older from knowingly possessing any air-gun, spring-gun or other instrument or weapon in which the propelling force is a spring, air, piston or CO2 cartridge in or upon a building or grounds, used for educational purposes, of any school, college or university, without the written authorization of such educational institution. N.Y. Penal Law § 265.06. ⤴︎
  2. N.Y. Ed. Law § 2801-b. ⤴︎
  3. N.Y. Ed. Law § 3602(6-c)(B). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in North Carolina

North Carolina law prohibits any person, including a concealed handgun permittee, from knowingly carrying a firearm, whether openly or concealed, on educational property or at a curricular or extracurricular activity sponsored by a public or private primary school, community college, college or university.1  A law enacted in 2015, however, allows a person with a concealed handgun permit to carry a firearm in a vehicle on school grounds but the person may only unlock the door to let someone in or out and move the firearm inside the car while the door is locked.2

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-269.2(a) and (b). ⤴︎
  2. Id. at (k). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in North Dakota

North Dakota prohibits any person, including a concealed carry licensee, from possessing a firearm at a public gathering, which includes schools and school functions.1 State law is silent regarding the possession or carrying of firearms on college and university campuses.

 

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive summary of this issue.

Notes
  1. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-05(1). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Ohio

Ohio prohibits any person from knowingly possessing a firearm in a “school safety zone.”1 Ohio also prohibits the knowing possession in a school safety zone of any object indistinguishable from a firearm, whether or not it is capable of being fired, if the possessor indicates that he or she possesses the object and that it is a firearm, or the person knowingly displays or brandishes the object and indicates that it is a firearm.2 A “school safety zone” consists of any school, school building, school premises, school activity or school bus.3

This prohibition does not apply to a concealed handgun license holder who possesses a handgun in a school safety zone if the person does not enter into a school building or onto school premises and is not at a school activity and is in compliance with federal law.4 This prohibition also does not apply to concealed handgun license holder who possesses a handgun in a school safety zone as the driver or passenger in a motor vehicle while immediately in the process of picking up or dropping off a child.5

A concealed handgun license does not authorize a person to carry a concealed handgun on premises owned or leased by a college, university or other institution of higher education, unless the handgun is in a locked motor vehicle.6

The superintendent of schools of a city, exempted village, or local school district must expel a pupil from school for a period of one year if the pupil brings a firearm to a school operated by the board of education of the district or onto any other property owned or controlled by the board.7 The superintendent may expel a pupil from school for a period of one year for bringing a firearm to an interscholastic competition, an extracurricular event, or any other school program or activity that is not located in a school or on property that is owned or controlled by the district.8 The superintendent may reduce these disciplinary actions on case-by-case bases in accordance with board policy.9

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.122(B). ⤴︎
  2. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.122(C). ⤴︎
  3. Ohio Rev. Code § 2901.01(C)(1). ⤴︎
  4. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.122(D)(3). ⤴︎
  5. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.122(D)(4). ⤴︎
  6. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.126(B)(5). ⤴︎
  7. Ohio Rev. Code § 3313.66(B)(2)(a). ⤴︎
  8. Ohio Rev. Code § 3313.66(B)(2)(b). ⤴︎
  9. Ohio Rev. Code § 3313.66(B)(2)(a), (b). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Oklahoma

Oklahoma prohibits possession of a firearm on any public or private school property or while in any school bus or vehicle used by any school for transportation of students or teachers, subject to certain exceptions.1 “School property” is defined as any publicly owned property held for purposes of elementary, secondary or vocational-technical education, and does not include property owned by public school districts where such property is leased or rented to an individual or corporation and used for purposes other than educational.2 “Private school” is defined as a school that offers a course of instruction for students in one or more grades from prekindergarten through grade twelve that is not operated by a governmental entity.3

Exceptions to Oklahoma’s prohibition on guns on school property include:

  • Guns designed for hunting kept in a privately owned vehicle and properly stored as required by law, provided such vehicle is driven onto school property only to transport a student to and from school and such vehicle does not remain unattended on school property;
  • Guns used in the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation certified hunter training education course or any other hunting, fishing, safety or firearms training courses, or a recognized firearms sports event, team shooting program or competition, or living history reenactment, provided the course or event is approved by the principal or chief administrator of the school where the course or event is offered, and provided the weapon is properly displayed or stored as required by law pending participation in the course, event, program or competition.
  • Weapons in the possession of any peace officer or other person authorized by law to possess a weapon in the performance of his or her duties and responsibilities;
  • A concealed or unconcealed weapon carried onto private school property or in any school bus or vehicle used by any private school for transportation of students or teachers by a person who is licensed pursuant to the Oklahoma Self-Defense Act, provided a policy has been adopted by the governing entity of the private school that authorizes the possession of a weapon on private school property or in any school bus or vehicle used by a private school; and
  • A handgun carried in a motor vehicle pursuant to a valid handgun license authorized by the Oklahoma Self-Defense Act onto property set aside by a public or private elementary or secondary school for the use or parking of any vehicle; provided, however, said handgun must be stored and hidden from view in a locked motor vehicle when the motor vehicle is left unattended on school property.4

It is also unlawful for handgun license holders to carry any concealed or unconcealed handgun into an elementary or secondary school, except where a policy has been adopted by the governing entity of a private school that authorizes the possession of a weapon on private school property or in any school bus or vehicle used by the private school.5). Oklahoma also passed a law in 2015 authorizing  a school district board of education to adopt a policy to authorize the carrying of a handgun onto school property by school personnel specifically designated by the board of education, provided that such personnel either (1) possess a valid armed security guard license, or (2) hold a valid reserve peace officer certification.6

In Oklahoma, any student found in possession of a firearm while on any public school property or while in any school bus or other vehicle used by a public school for transportation of students or teachers must be suspended out-of-school for a period of not less than one year, to be determined by the district board of education pursuant to the provisions of this section.7 The term of the suspension may be modified by the district superintendent on a case-by-case basis.8

Finally, no person in lawful possession of a handgun in Oklahoma may carry the handgun into or upon any college, university, or technology center school property, subject to certain exceptions.9 This prohibition does not prevent persons with a valid handgun license from possessing a concealed handgun on any college, university, or technology center school property:

  • Set aside for the use or parking of any vehicle, whether attended or unattended, provided the handgun is carried or stored as required by law and the handgun is not removed from the vehicle without the prior consent of the college or university president or technology center school administrator while the vehicle is on any college or university or technology center school property;
  • Authorized for possession or use of handguns by college or university or technology center school policy; and
  • Authorized by the written consent of the college or university president or technology center school administrator, provided the written consent is carried with the handgun and the valid concealed handgun license while on college or university or technology center school property.10

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue. 

 

Notes
  1. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1280.1(A). ⤴︎
  2. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1280.1(B)(1). ⤴︎
  3. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1280.1(B)(2). ⤴︎
  4. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1280.1(C). ⤴︎
  5. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, §§ 1277(A)(3) and 1277(C ⤴︎
  6. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1277(D). ⤴︎
  7. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, § 24-101.3(C)(2). ⤴︎
  8. Id. The school or district administration must consider and apply, if appropriate, alternative in-school placement options that are not to be considered suspension, such as placement in an alternative school setting, reassignment to another classroom, or in-school detention. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, § 24-101.3(A). ⤴︎
  9. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21 § 1277(F). ⤴︎
  10. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Oregon

Oregon prohibits any person from intentionally possessing a loaded or unloaded firearm while in or on a public building.1 “Public building” includes a public or private school, and the grounds adjacent to each such building.2

Oregon’s prohibition on the intentional possession of a loaded or unloaded firearm in or on a public building includes colleges and universities, and the grounds adjacent to each such building.3

Exceptions to the prohibitions include concealed handgun licensees and persons possessing handguns on school property if possessed by a person who is not otherwise prohibited from possessing the firearm and the handgun is unloaded and locked in a motor vehicle.4

State regulations may also prohibit firearms at public Oregon colleges and universities.

In Oregon, a school district shall require expulsion from school for a period of not less than one year of any student who is determined to have:

  • Brought a firearm to school, onto school property under the jurisdiction of the school district, or to an activity under the jurisdiction of the school district;
  • Possessed, concealed or used a firearm in a school or on school property or at an activity under the jurisdiction of the school district; or
  • Brought to or possessed, concealed or used a firearm at an interscholastic activity administered by a voluntary organization approved by the State Board of Education.5

The policy shall allow a superintendent to modify the expulsion requirement for a student on a case-by-case basis.6 A school district board may consider and propose to a student who is under expulsion or to a student prior to expulsion alternative programs of instruction or instruction combined with counseling for the student that are appropriate and accessible to the student.7

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.370(1). ⤴︎
  2. Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.360(4). ⤴︎
  3. Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 166.370(1), 166.360(4). ⤴︎
  4. Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.370(3)(d), (g). ⤴︎
  5. Or. Rev. Stat. § 339.250(6)(a). ⤴︎
  6. Or. Rev. Stat. § 339.250(6)(c). ⤴︎
  7. Or. Rev. Stat. § 339.250(10). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania prohibits the possession of firearms in the buildings of, on the grounds of, or in any conveyance providing transportation to or from any elementary or secondary publicly-funded educational institution, any elementary or secondary private school licensed by the Department of Education or any elementary or secondary parochial school.1 However, a defense to the statute exists where the weapon is possessed and used in conjunction with a lawful supervised school activity or course or “is possessed for other lawful purpose.”2

State law prohibits hunting with a firearm in a “safety zone,” defined as an area within 150 yards of “any attached or detached playground of any school, nursery school or day-care center.”3

Holders of a license to carry a firearm are subject to these location limits.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 912. ⤴︎
  2. 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 912(c). ⤴︎
  3. 34 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 2505(a), (c). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Rhode Island

Rhode Island prohibits any person from possessing any firearm on school grounds.1 “School grounds” include any property belonging to or being used by a public or private elementary or secondary school, or while riding school provided transportation.2 Concealed handgun license holders, among others, are exempt.3

If a student possesses a firearm on school premises, including premises used for school activities, a vehicle used for school transportation, or onto a roadway or path along which school children or teachers are walking to school, he or she shall be suspended from school for one year.4 Students are also subject to such suspension if they aim a firearm or realistic firearm replica at school premises, school vehicles, or students, staff or visitors attending school or in transit to or from school.

The term of suspension may be shortened by the superintendent of schools on a case-by-case basis and under guidelines to be developed by the school committee with broad parent, teacher, and community involvement.5

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-60(a)(1). ⤴︎
  2. R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-60(a)(2). ⤴︎
  3. See R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-60(b). ⤴︎
  4. R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-21-18. ⤴︎
  5. R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-21-18. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in South Carolina

South Carolina prohibits any person from possessing a firearm on any premises or property owned, operated, or controlled by a private or public school, college, university, technical college, or other post-secondary institution, or in any publicly-owned building, without the express permission of the authorities in charge of the premises or property.1 A separate state law prohibits any person from carrying a firearm on his or her person while on any elementary or secondary school property.2

Concealed weapons permit holders are generally subject to these prohibitions, but a permit holder may keep his or her firearm inside an attended or locked motor vehicle on school property if the gun is secured in a closed glove compartment, closed console, closed trunk, or in a closed container secured by an integral fastener and transported in the luggage compartment of the vehicle.3 Permit holders also are prohibited from carrying a concealable firearm into a school or college athletic event not related to firearms, a daycare or pre-school facility, or the office or the business meeting of the governing body of a public school district.4

In South Carolina, district school boards must expel for not less than one year a student who is determined to have brought a firearm to a school or any setting under the jurisdiction of a local board of trustees.5 The one-year expulsion is subject to modification by the district superintendent of education on a case-by-case basis.6 Students expelled pursuant to this section are not precluded from receiving educational services in an alternative setting.7

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. S.C. Code Ann. § 16-23-420(A). ⤴︎
  2. S.C. Code Ann. § 16-23-430(A). ⤴︎
  3. S.C. Code Ann. § 16-23-420(A), 16-23-430(B). ⤴︎
  4. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M)(5)–(7). ⤴︎
  5. S.C. Code Ann. § 59-63-235. ⤴︎
  6. Id. ⤴︎
  7. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in South Dakota

South Dakota law prohibits any person, including a concealed carry permit holder, from possessing or storing a firearm on or in any elementary or secondary school premises, including school vehicles or buildings.1

The state, however, has authorized school boards to create “school sentinel” programs and allow designated school employees or volunteers to carry concealed weapons on school premises. A person acting as a school sentinel must have a concealed carry permit.2

South Dakota law does not address the possession of firearms on college or university campuses.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. S.D. Codified Laws § 13-32-7. See also S.D. Codified Laws § 13-32-4 (requiring the expulsion of students for possession of firearms). ⤴︎
  2. S.D. Codified Laws § 13-64-1. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Tennessee

Tennessee generally prohibits the carrying, whether openly or concealed and with the intent to go armed, of any firearm that is not used solely for instructional or school-sanctioned ceremonial purposes, in any public or private school building or bus, on any public or private school campus, grounds, recreation area, athletic field or any other property owned, used or operated by any board of education, school, college or university board of trustees, regents or directors for the administration of any public or private educational institution.1

Moreover, with certain exceptions, no person may possess or carry any firearm, whether openly or concealed, that is not used solely for instructional or school-sanctioned ceremonial purposes, in any public or private school building or bus, on any public or private school campus, grounds, recreation area, athletic field or any other property owned, used or operated by any board of education, school, college or university board of trustees, regents or directors for the administration of any public or private educational institution.2 Notwithstanding this prohibition, adults who are not students may possess a firearm if contained within a private vehicle operated by the adult and it is not handled by the adult or by any other person acting with the expressed or implied consent of such adult, while the vehicle is on school property.3

However, as of April 6, 2016, Tennessee law authorizes private K-12 schools and institutions of higher education to establish a handgun carry policy for any property on which the school is located, that is owned or operated by the school, and for any building or structure located on the school property.4 This policy may prohibit the carrying of handguns on school property entirely, or it may allow the carrying of handguns on designated portions of school property, subject to certain limitations.5 This policy cannot apply to a person who is otherwise prohibited from possessing a handgun, and may only apply to individuals that have a valid Tennessee handgun carry permit.6 The policy must be placed in writing and communicated in a manner to ensure that it is known by  students attending the school, the parent or guardian of each student, the faculty and other employees, and others who may visit school grounds.7 If a private school does not implement such a policy, then the carrying of a handgun on school grounds is prohibited.8

With respect to public institutions of higher education, as of July 1, 2016, an employee of such an institution may carry a handgun on property owned, operated, or controlled by the institution, so long as the employee is otherwise authorized to carry a concealed handgun pursuant to Tennessee law.9 For more information on the requirements for obtaining a permit to carry a concealed handgun, visit our page on Concealed Weapons Permitting in Tennessee.

An employee who opts to carry a handgun under this exception must provide written notification to the law enforcement agency or agencies with jurisdiction over the educational institution’s property.10 Pursuant to this law, law enforcement agencies may develop and implement a voluntary course of special or supplemental firearm training to be offered to the employees electing to carry a handgun.11 This exception does not apply in a variety of circumstances, including school stadiums, gymnasiums, and auditoriums when school-sponsored events are in progress, meetings regarding disciplinary matters, or meetings regarding tenure issues.12

Chief administrators of a public or private school must display in prominent locations at the school a sign, at least six inches high and fourteen inches wide, stating:

FELONY. STATE LAW PRESCRIBES A MAXIMUM PENALTY OF SIX (6) YEARS IMPRISONMENT AND A FINE NOT TO EXCEED THREE THOUSAND DOLLARS ($3,000) FOR CARRYING WEAPONS ON SCHOOL PROPERTY.13

As of July 1, 2016, Tennessee law allows the local board of education in a “distressed rural county” to adopt a policy allowing the director of schools, in consultation with the principal of each school, to authorize and select employees who may carry a concealed handgun within and on the grounds of the school to which the person is assigned.14 The maximum number of employees that may be authorized to carry a handgun on school grounds pursuant to this law is 1 employee for every 100 students enrolled in the school.15 Employees cannot be selected unless they: 1) have a valid handgun carry permit issued by the state; 2) are not otherwise prohibited from possessing handguns; 3) have completed at least 40 hours of state-approved handgun instruction; and 4) on an annual basis, complete at least 16 hours of state-approved continuing handgun instruction.16 Upon authorizing an employee to carry a handgun pursuant to this law, school officials must notify local law enforcement. The authorization is subject to revocation at any time, with or without cause, by the board of education and director of schools.17

As of 2015, Tennessee law prohibits school administrators, teachers, or other employees from requiring a student or the student’s parent to provide information regarding firearm ownership by the student’s family.18. Nor may a teacher or other school employee be required to provide information on firearm ownership by the teacher or school employee.19 Finally, any information regarding firearm ownership that is voluntarily provided by a student, parent, teacher, or school employee, must not be the basis for adverse disciplinary action against a student, or adverse employment action against a teacher or employee. ((Id.))

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion on this issue.

Notes
  1. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1309(b)(1). ⤴︎
  2. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1309(c)(1). ⤴︎
  3. Id. ⤴︎
  4. 2015 TN S.B. 1559, amending Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 49-50-803, 49-7-161, and 39-17-1309. ⤴︎
  5. Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 49-50-803 and 49-7-161. ⤴︎
  6. Id. ⤴︎
  7. Id. ⤴︎
  8. Id. ⤴︎
  9. 2016 TN S.B. 2376, amending Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1309. In these circumstances, “employee” includes all faculty, staff, and other persons who are employed on a full-time basis by a public institution of higher education and does not include students, even if they are also an employee. Id. ⤴︎
  10. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1309(11). The employee’s information that is gather pursuant to this provision is to be kept confidential, except in very limited circumstances. Moreover, unless carrying a firearm is part of the employee’s job description, the decision to carry is considered a voluntary choice and, for legal purposes, such an employee is not acting within the scope of employment when carrying or using a handgun. Finally, the institution generally has absolute immunity from claims for monetary damages arising solely from an employee’s use of, or failure to use, a handgun. Id. ⤴︎
  11. Id. ⤴︎
  12. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1309(11)(C)(v). ⤴︎
  13. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1309(d). Limited exceptions and affirmative defenses to the school property possession restrictions are listed under Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 39-17-1309(e), 39-17-1310. ⤴︎
  14. 2016 TN S.B. 2249, amending Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 49-6-816 and 39-17-1309. ⤴︎
  15. Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 49-6-816. ⤴︎
  16. Id. ⤴︎
  17. Id. ⤴︎
  18. Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-2-129. ⤴︎
  19. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Texas

Texas law prohibits intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly possessing or going with a firearm on the physical premises of a school or educational institution, any grounds or building on which an activity sponsored by a school or educational institution is being conducted, or in a passenger transportation vehicle of a school or educational institution, whether the school or educational institution is public or private, unless pursuant to written regulations or written authorization of the institution.1 However, Texas generally allows concealed carry license holders to keep firearms or ammunition in a locked, privately owned or leased motor vehicle in K-12 school parking areas provided that the firearm or ammunition is not in plain view.2

While the general prohibition on guns in schools applies to both public and private k-12 schools, as well as institutions of higher education, in 2015, Texas enacted a law allowing individuals with concealed carry licenses to carry concealed handguns on the campuses of public colleges and universities.3

Private or independent institutions of higher education may still regulate or prohibit the concealed carrying of firearms on their campuses, any grounds or building on which an activity sponsored by the institution is being conducted, or a passenger transportation vehicle owned by the institution, but only after consulting with students, staff, and faculty of the institution.4 Additionally public colleges and universities are authorized to establish reasonable rules, regulations, or other provisions regarding the carrying of concealed handguns by license holders on the campus or premises of the institution so long as they do no not generally prohibit or have the effect of generally prohibiting license holders from carrying concealed handguns on the campus of the institution.5 If the institution prohibits concealed carry in a portion of the campus, the institution must provide effective notice with respect to that portion.6

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Tex. Penal Code § 46.03(a). See also Tex. Educ. Code § 37.125(a) (regarding exhibiting, using or threatening to exhibit or use a firearm in a school bus in a manner intended to alarm or to damage school property). ⤴︎
  2. Tex. Educ. Code § 37.0815 (as amended by 2017 TX SB 1566, Section 13. ⤴︎
  3. See 2015 Tx. S.B. 11, creating Tex. Gov’t. Code § 411.2031. ⤴︎
  4. Id. ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎
  6. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in the District of Columbia

Persons with concealed carry licenses are prohibited from carrying a handgun in the building and grounds, including any adjacent parking lot, of an childcare facility, preschool, public or private elementary or secondary school, or a public or private college or university.1

A licensee may carry a concealed handgun, however, while driving a vehicle into and immediately parking at the locations listed above for the purpose of picking up or dropping off a student or a child. The licensee must secure the concealed pistol in accordance with section 22-4504.02(b), before leaving the parked vehicle.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. D.C. Code Ann. §  7-2509.07. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Utah

Utah prohibits any person from possessing any firearm at a place that the person knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is on or about school premises.1 “On or about school premises” is defined as:

  • In a public or private elementary or secondary school, or on the grounds of any such school;
  • In a public or private institution of higher education or on the grounds of any such institution;
  • Inside the room or rooms where a preschool or child-care operation is being held.2

In 2011, Utah repealed restrictions governing other buildings, parks and stadiums being used for K-12 school activity, the area within 1,000 feet of school grounds, and other portions of buildings that house preschools and daycare centers.

Concealed weapons permit holders are not subject to the prohibition against firearms on or about school premises.3 Other exceptions include:

  • Firearms used in connection with a lawful, approved activity in the possession or under the control of the person responsible for its possession or use;
  • Possession at the person’s place of residence;
  • Possession on the person’s property; or
  • Possession in any vehicle lawfully under the person’s control, other than a vehicle owned by the school or used by the school to transport students.4

In Utah, any student in a public elementary or secondary school who possesses or controls a firearm shall be expelled from school for a period of not less than one year.5

While the Utah State Board of Regents generally has the power to enact regulations governing the conduct of university and college students, faculty, and employees, Utah law expressly reserves to the Utah State Legislature the authority to regulate firearms at higher education institutions.6 Therefore, while the Utah State Board of Regents maintains limited authority to regulate firearms in the areas listed below, it may not otherwise authorize higher education institutions to restrict the lawful possession or carrying of firearms.7 Specifically, the State Board of Regents may authorize a higher education institution to:

  • Allow dormitory residents to request only roommates who are not licensed to carry a concealed firearm; or
  • Ensure enforcement of rules pertaining to private hearing rooms that have been designated as “secure areas”, meaning that there are restrictions on the transportation of firearms and ammunition into the hearing rooms.8

For more information about the rights of public entities to regulate firearms on public property, see Local Authority to Regulate Firearms in Utah.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

 

Notes
  1. Utah Code Ann. § 76-10-505.5(2). ⤴︎
  2. Utah Code Ann. § 76-10-505.5(1). ⤴︎
  3. Utah Code Ann. § 76-10-505.5. ⤴︎
  4. Utah Code Ann. § 76-10-505.5. ⤴︎
  5. Utah Code Ann. § 53A-11-904(2)(a), (b). ⤴︎
  6. Utah Code Ann. § 53B-3-103(1), (2)(a). ⤴︎
  7. Utah Code Ann. § 53B-3-103(2). ⤴︎
  8. Utah Code Ann. §§ 76-8-311.1 and 53B-3-103. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Vermont

Vermont prohibits any person from knowingly possessing a firearm within a school building or on a school bus.1 The state also prohibits any person from knowingly possessing a firearm on any school property with the intent to injure another person.2 These provisions do not apply to possession of a firearm if the board of school directors (or the superintendent or principal if delegated authority to do so by the board) authorizes possession or use for specific occasions or for instructional or other specific purposes.3 The term “school” is undefined, so it is not clear whether this term applies to colleges, universities, or other postsecondary institutions.

In Vermont, school boards must adopt and implement policies regarding students who bring a firearm to school or possess a firearm at school.4 At a minimum these policies must provide that any student who brings a firearm to school or possesses a firearm at school shall be expelled for not less than one calendar year.5 The school board may modify the expulsion on a case-by-case basis in certain circumstances.6

Technical training centers must also regulate or prohibit firearms on their premises.7

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 4004(a). ⤴︎
  2. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 4004(b). ⤴︎
  3. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 4004(c)(2). ⤴︎
  4. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 16, § 1166(b). ⤴︎
  5. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 16, § 1166(b)(2). ⤴︎
  6. Id. ⤴︎
  7. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 16, § 1577(4). The governing board’s policies must meet or exceed these same requirements of Vermont Statutes Annotated title 16, § 1166 and title 13, § 4004. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Virginia

Virginia prohibits the knowing possession of any firearm on:

  • Any public, private or religious elementary, middle or high school, including buildings and grounds;
  • That portion of any property open to the public and exclusively used for school-sponsored functions or extracurricular activities while such functions or activities are taking place; and
  • Any school bus owned or operated by such school.1

The law provides exceptions for any person who possesses:

  • A firearm as a part of the school’s curriculum or activities;
  • A firearm as a part of any program sponsored or facilitated by either the school or any organization authorized by the school to conduct its programs either on or off the school premises;
  • An unloaded firearm in a closed container in or upon a motor vehicle, or an unloaded shotgun or rifle in a firearms rack in or upon a motor vehicle; or
  • A valid concealed handgun permit and a concealed handgun while in a motor vehicle in a parking lot, traffic circle, or other means of vehicular ingress or egress to the school.2

In 2010, the Supreme Court of Virginia rejected a challenge to George Mason University’s regulation restricting the possession and carrying of firearms inside campus buildings and at campus events.3 The court pointed out that the regulation was tailored, restricting weapons only in those places where people congregate and are most vulnerable. Individuals could still carry or possess weapons on the open grounds of this public university, and in other places on campus not enumerated in the regulation.4

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-308.1(B). Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-277.07(A) provides that a school board must expel for at least one year any student who has brought a firearm, air rifle or BB gun onto school property or to a school-sponsored activity. Also see Op. Att’y Gen. Va. 03-083 (2003), 2003 Va. AG LEXIS 46 (opining that the school board may discipline a student in possession of an unloaded firearm in a locked vehicle trunk). ⤴︎
  2. Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-308.1(B). ⤴︎
  3. Digiacinto v. Rector & Visitors of George Mason Univ., 704 S.E.2d 365, 369 (Va. 2011). ⤴︎
  4. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Washington

Washington prohibits any person from carrying any firearm onto, or possessing a firearm on, public or private elementary or secondary school premises, school-provided transportation, or in areas of other facilities while being used exclusively by public or private schools.1

Exceptions include:

  • Involvement in a convention, showing, demonstration, lecture, or firearms safety course authorized by school authorities in which the firearms of collectors or instructors are handled or displayed;
  • Engagement in military, law enforcement, or school district security activities;
  • Participation in a firearm or air gun competition approved by the school or school district;
  • Possession of a handgun pursuant to state licensing requirements (or otherwise exempt) while picking up or dropping off a student;
  • Lawful possession of a firearm by any non-student at least age 18 who has secured the firearm within an attended vehicle or concealed from view within a locked unattended vehicle while conducting legitimate business at the school; and
  • Lawful possession of an unloaded firearm by any non-student at least age 18 who has secured the firearm in a vehicle while conducting legitimate business at the school.2

Elementary or secondary school students violating this gun-free schools law are subject to expulsion from the state’s public schools.3

State administrative regulations may prohibit the possession of firearms on particular college or university campuses.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 9.41.280(1)(a). Any person convicted of violating this provision shall have his or her concealed pistol license revoked for a period of three years, and is prohibited from applying for a concealed pistol license for a period of three years. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 9.41.280(2). ⤴︎
  2. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 9.41.280(3). ⤴︎
  3. Id. See also Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.600.420(1), which requires expulsion for not less than one year for any elementary or secondary school student who is determined to have carried a firearm onto, or to have possessed a firearm on, public elementary or secondary school premises, public school-provided transportation, or areas of facilities while being used exclusively by public schools. School district superintendents may modify such expulsion on a case-by-case basis. Id. Expelled students may receive educational services in an alternative setting by a school district or similar entity. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.600.420(4). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in West Virginia

West Virginia law prohibits any person from possessing any firearm on any school bus, or in or on a public primary or secondary education building, structure, facility or grounds, including a vocational education building, structure, facility or grounds where secondary vocational education programs are conducted, or at a school-sponsored function.

Firearms are also prohibited in or on a private primary or secondary education building, structure or facility unless the private school has adopted written policies allowing for possession of firearms on or in the institution’s buildings, structures or facilities.1

A court may also order the Division of Motor Vehicles to suspend the driver’s license or instruction permit issued to any violator between the ages of 14 and 18, for such period of time as the court deems appropriate. A license or permit suspension, however, may not extend beyond the violator’s 19th birthday.2

Exceptions to the prohibition on possessing firearms on school premises include:

  • Possession of an unloaded firearm in a motor vehicle;
  • Leaving an unloaded firearm in a locked motor vehicle; and
  • Programs or raffles conducted with the approval of the county board of education or school which include the display of unloaded firearms.3

A principal shall suspend a pupil from school or from transportation to or from the school on any school bus if it is determined that a pupil brought a firearm onto a school bus or school premises.4 The principal then must recommend to the county board that the student be expelled.5

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. W. Va. Code § 61-7-11a(b)(1). ⤴︎
  2. W. Va. Code § 61-7-11a(d). ⤴︎
  3. W. Va. Code § 61-7-11a(b)(2). ⤴︎
  4. W. Va. Code § 18A-5-1a. ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Wisconsin

Wisconsin prohibits the knowing possession of a firearm at a place the individual knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is within 1,000 feet of the grounds of a school.1 This prohibition does not apply to:

  • Private property which is not part of school grounds;
  • When the firearm is possessed for use in a program approved by a school in the school zone;
  • When possessed unloaded while traversing school grounds to gain access to public or private lands open to hunting, if the entry is authorized by school authorities;
  • When the firearm is unloaded and encased or in a locked firearm rack on a motor vehicle; or
  • When the person is legally hunting in a school forest if the school board has decided that hunting may be allowed there.2

This prohibition also does not apply to individuals licensed to carry a concealed weapon so long as they are not in or on the grounds of the school.3

Wisconsin law provides that school boards of common or union high school districts shall expel a pupil from school for not less than one year whenever it finds that the pupil, while at school or while under the supervision of a school authority, possessed a firearm.4

At all universities in the University of Wisconsin system, no person may carry or possess any firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, on university lands or in university buildings or facilities, except with the written approval of the chief administrative officer or for law enforcement purposes.5 In addition, no person may display or portray as real any object that resembles a dangerous weapon on university lands or in university buildings or facilities, except with the written approval of the chief administrative officer.6

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Wis. Stat. § 948.605(2)(a). ⤴︎
  2. Wis. Stat. § 948.605(2)(b) (referring to 18 U.S.C. § 922(q)(2)(B)(i), (iv), (v), (vi), (vii) ). ⤴︎
  3. Wis. Stat. § 948.605(2)(b)(1r). ⤴︎
  4. Wis. Stat. § 120.13(1)(c)(2m). ⤴︎
  5. Wis. Adm. Code UWS § 18.10(3)(a), (d). ⤴︎
  6. Wis. Adm. Code UWS § 18.10(3)(b), (d). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Wyoming

Elementary and Secondary Schools

In 2017, Wyoming enacted a law enabling school districts to authorize a school employee with a concealed carry permit to carry a concealed firearm on or into school facilities or other areas designated by the board of trustees.1 “School employee” is defined by the law as any person employed under contract with the board of trustees of a school district, including but not limited to:

  • Superintendents and assistant superintendents;
  • Principals and assistant principals;
  • Teachers and teacher’s aids;
  • Guidance counselors;
  • Librarians;
  • Coaches;
  • Business managers;
  • Secretaries or administrative assistants;
  • Janitors;
  • Bus drivers;
  • Volunteers; or
  • Other employees on contract with a school district.2

Employees must carry the firearm or keep it in a concealed biometric container or lock box within the direct control of the individual at all times. The school district must establish an application and approval process for employees possessing a valid concealed carry permit. The district must also establish training requirements, curricula, and instructor qualifications, subject to approval by local law enforcement.

The training course must include:

  • An initial course that includes at least 16 hours of live fire handgun training, and eight hours of “scenario-based training using nonlethal training,” firearms, and ammunition; and
  • Annual firearm qualification and documented recurrent training of not less than 12 hours with an approved instructor.

The board of trustees in any school district, however, may waive all or part of the training requirements for isolated rural schools and employees in those schools. The superintendent of the district must notify all law enforcement agencies with jurisdiction over the area of the location and names of all employees who receive permission to carry firearms. The identities of the employees who receive permission to carry firearms shall be confidential and not public records.3

While Wyoming still prohibits students from possessing a firearm on public school grounds, and generally prohibits concealed weapons on k-12 campuses by non-employees, the state does not have a general prohibition on the possession of firearms on school property.4

College and University Campuses

Wyoming prohibits anyone who is authorized to carry a concealed firearm, with or without a permit, from carrying a concealed firearm into:

  • Any college or university facility without the written consent of the security service of the college or university; or
  • Any college athletic event not related to firearms.5

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for further information.

Notes
  1. Wyo. Stat. § 21-3-132(a). ⤴︎
  2. Id. at (b). ⤴︎
  3. Id. at (c)-(f). ⤴︎
  4. See Wyo. Stat. §§ 21-4-306(a)(v) and 6-8-104(t)(ix). ⤴︎
  5. Wyo. Stat. § 6-8-104(t). ⤴︎