Louisiana enacted a law in 2014 that prohibits firearm possession by anyone convicted of the crime of “domestic abuse battery” within ten years after the completion of the sentence, probation, or parole.1 The law also prohibits firearm possession by persons subject to a domestic violence protective order during the duration of the order if (1) the order includes a finding that the respondent represents a credible threat to the physical safety of a family member or household member, and (2) the order informs the respondent that he or she is prohibited from possessing a firearm pursuant to federal and state law.2
However, Louisiana law does not:
- Require the surrender of firearms or ammunition by domestic abusers who have become prohibited from possessing firearms or ammunition under state or federal law; or
- Explicitly authorize or require the removal of firearms or ammunition at the scene of a domestic violence incident.
Louisiana requires that records of individuals who have been convicted of enumerated domestic abuse crimes be transmitted to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (“NICS”) database. Specifically, Louisiana requires district clerks of court to send records for individuals who have been convicted of felony domestic abuse battery to the Louisiana Supreme Court for reporting to NICS.3 Starting January 1, 2017, Louisiana courts will also be required to transmit records to NICS for individuals who are prohibited from possessing a firearm based on a conviction for misdemeanor domestic abuse battery, or who are prohibited or restricted from possessing or using a firearm by a court order.4
See our Domestic Violence & Firearms policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.