Guns in Schools in Hawaii

Hawaii generally does not prohibit the carrying of guns in schools, except by students.

Any student who possesses a firearm at an elementary or secondary school shall be “excluded” for not less than one year.1 The Superintendent, on a case-by-case basis, may modify this exclusion. If a child is excluded from attending school, the Superintendent shall ensure that substitute educational activities or other appropriate assistance shall be provided.2

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 302A-1134(b). ⤴︎
  2. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Idaho

Idaho prohibits any person from possessing a firearm on the property of a private or public elementary or secondary school or in those portions of any building, stadium or other structure on school grounds which, at the time of the violation, were being used for an activity sponsored by or through a school, or while riding school provided transportation.1

Exceptions to this prohibition include: 1) a person who lawfully possesses a firearm as part of a program, event, activity or other circumstance approved by the school board of trustees or governing board; 2) any adult not enrolled in a public or private elementary or secondary school who has lawful possession of a firearm secured and locked in his or her vehicle; 3) a person who lawfully possesses a firearm in a private vehicle while delivering minor children, students or school employees to and from school or a school activity;2 and 4) any person who is authorized by a person, board or other entity having authority over the building or facility to carry a concealed weapon.3

In addition, the board of trustees shall expel for a period of not less than one year, or may deny enrollment to, a student who possessed a firearm on school property. The board may modify the expulsion or denial of enrollment order on a case-by-case basis.4

Idaho authorizes the Board of Regents of the University of Idaho, the boards of trustees of the state colleges and universities, the board of professional-technical education and the boards of trustees of community colleges to prescribe rules and regulations relating to firearms, although this authority does not extend to concealed carry permit holders.5 College and university authorities may not regulate or prohibit the otherwise lawful possession, carrying or transporting of firearms or ammunition by concealed carry permit holders.6

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

 

Notes
  1. Idaho Code Ann. §§ 18-3302D(1)(a), (b), 18-3302C; see also Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3302D(1)(a). ⤴︎
  2. See Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3302D(4). ⤴︎
  3. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3302C. ⤴︎
  4. Idaho Code Ann. § 33-205. ⤴︎
  5. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3309(1), (2). ⤴︎
  6. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3309(2).) However, permit holders may not carry a concealed weapon within a student dormitory or residence hall, or within the building of a “public entertainment facility” owned by a college or university (theaters, auditoriums, sports arenas, etc., with a seating capacity of at least 1,000) provided that proper signage is conspicuously posted at each public entrance to the facility notifying attendees of any restriction on the possession of firearms in the facility during the game or event. ((Idaho Code Ann. § 18-3309(2). These restrictions are subject to limited exceptions, and do not apply to a person who possesses a firearm in a private vehicle while delivering students, employees or other persons to and from a university, college or public entertainment facility. Id. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Illinois

Elementary & Secondary Schools

Illinois prohibits the knowing possession or carrying of any firearm, stun gun, or taser on or about the person in any public or private elementary or secondary school, on the person or in a vehicle on the real property of any school, in any conveyance owned, leased or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on the person or in a vehicle on any public way within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising a school.1

This prohibition is subject to various exceptions, including possession in any vehicle or concealed on or about the person when transported: 1) broken down in a non-functioning state; 2) not immediately accessible; or 3) unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container by a person who has a valid FOID card.2 Nor does this prohibition apply to law enforcement officers or school security officers or to students carrying or possessing firearms for us in training courses, parades, hunting target shooting on school ranges, or otherwise with the consent of school authorities as long as such firearms are transported unloaded enclosed in a suitable case, box, or transportation package.  ((720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1 (c)(3).))

Finally, state law prohibits any person age 18 or older from selling, giving, or delivering any firearm to any person under age 18 in any public or private elementary or secondary school, or on the real property comprising any such school.3

In Illinois, a school board must expel a student who possessed a firearm or other weapon at school, any school-sponsored activity or event, or any activity or event which bears a reasonable relationship to school, for not less than one year.4 The expulsion period may be modified by the superintendent, and the superintendent’s determination may be modified by the board, on a case-by-case basis. A student subject to suspension or expulsion may be eligible for a transfer to an alternative school program.5

Illinois law also defines aggravated battery with a firearm to include knowingly or intentionally causing injury with a firearm to a person known to be a teacher, school employee, or student who is on school grounds or adjacent to a school.  This is punishable with a minimum prison sentence of 15 years.6

Possession of a silencer, machine gun, or short-barreled shotgun in any public or private elementary or secondary school or within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising a school is a Class 2 felony punishable by a prison sentence of 3 to 7 years.7  The possession of various other weapons in any such areas, including black-jacks, metal knuckles, dirks, and switchblades is punishable as a Class 4 felony8

Colleges & Universities

Illinois prohibits the knowing possession or carrying of any firearm on or about the person in any community college, college, or university, on the person or in a vehicle on the real property comprising any such school, in any conveyance owned, leased or contracted by a school to transport students to or from school or a school-related activity, or on the person or in a vehicle on any public way within 1,000 feet of the real property comprising such a school.9

This prohibition is subject to several exceptions, including possession for use in training courses, parades, hunting, target shooting on school ranges, or otherwise with the consent of school authorities.10 The possession of a firearm by a FOID card holder is allowed in any vehicle or concealed on or about the person when transported: 1) broken down in a non-functioning state; 2) not immediately accessible; or 3) unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container.11

Illinois prohibits any person age 18 or older from selling, giving or delivering any firearm to any person under age 18 in any community college, college or university, or on the real property comprising any such school.12

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10), (c)(1.5), (4). ⤴︎
  2. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10). ⤴︎
  3. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3.3. See also 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3(A)(a), (b), (i), (C)(4). ⤴︎
  4. 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/10-22.6(d). ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎
  6. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/12-4.2(a)(4), (b). ⤴︎
  7. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(6), (7), (c)(1). ⤴︎
  8. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1 (c)(2). ⤴︎
  9. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10), (c)(1.5), (4). ⤴︎
  10. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10), (c)(3). ⤴︎
  11. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(4), (10). ⤴︎
  12. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-3.3. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Indiana

Indiana does not permit any person, including a person licensed to carry a handgun, to possess a firearm in or on:

  • School property (including private schools and preschools1 ); or
  • Property that is being used by a school for a school function or on a school bus.2

However, a person who is specifically authorized by a school board may carry a concealed firearm on school property.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. See Ind. Code Ann. § 35-41-1-24.7 for a definition of “school property”. ⤴︎
  2. Ind. Code Ann. § 35-47-9-2. In Indiana, a student who is identified as bringing a firearm to school or on school property, or in possession of a firearm on school property, shall be expelled for at least one calendar year. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-33-8-16(d). The school superintendent may, on a case by case basis, modify the period of expulsion for a student who is expelled under this section. Ind. Code Ann. § 20-33-8-16(e). ⤴︎
  3. Ind. Code Ann. § 35-47-9-1(a). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Iowa

Iowa prohibits any person from carrying, going armed with or transporting any firearm, whether concealed or not, on the grounds of a public or non-public school.1

This prohibition does not apply to any person: 1) specifically authorized by the school to carry, go armed or transport a firearm on the school grounds, including for purposes of conducting an instructional program regarding firearms;2 or 2) among others, who for any lawful purpose carries an unloaded handgun or other dangerous weapon inside a closed and fastened container or securely wrapped package which is too large to be concealed on the person.3

In Iowa, the board of directors of a school district and the authorities in charge of a nonpublic school which receives services supported by federal funds shall expel from school for a period of not less than one year a student determined to have brought a firearm to school or knowingly possessed a firearm at school.4 The superintendent or chief administering officer of a school or school district may modify expulsion requirements on a case-by-case basis.

The board of directors of a school district or the authorities in charge of a nonpublic school may provide educational services to the student in an alternative setting.5
The board of directors of a public school and the authorities in control of a nonpublic school shall prescribe procedures for continued school involvement with a student who is suspended or expelled for possession of a firearm on school premises, and for the reintegration of the student into the school following the suspension or expulsion.6

Iowa has no law prohibiting firearms at private colleges or universities.7

See our Guns in Schools policy summary  for a comprehensive discussion on this issue.

Notes
  1. Iowa Code § 724.4B(1). “School” means a public or non-public school, as defined under Iowa Code § 280.2. ⤴︎
  2. Iowa Code § 724.4B(2)(b). ⤴︎
  3. See Iowa Code § 724.4B(2)(a). ⤴︎
  4. Iowa Code § 280.21B. ⤴︎
  5. Id. ⤴︎
  6. Iowa Code § 280.17B. ⤴︎
  7. An administrative rule prohibits the possession of firearms on the campus of any public institution of higher learning. 681 Iowa Admin. Code 9.1(2)(g). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Kansas

Kansas law prohibits possessing a firearm in or on any school property or grounds upon which is located a building or structure used by a unified school district or an accredited nonpublic school for student instruction or attendance or extracurricular activities of pupils enrolled in kindergarten or any of the grades 1 through 12 or at any regularly scheduled school-sponsored activity or event.1 This prohibition does not apply to a firearm secured in a motor vehicle by a parent, guardian, custodian or someone authorized to act in such person’s behalf who is delivering or collecting a student.2  This prohibition also does not apply to possession of a concealed handgun by an individual who is not prohibited from possessing a firearm under federal or state law.3

Kansas has no law generally prohibiting firearms on college or university campuses.

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6301(a)(11), (12). See also Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-89a01(b), 72-89a02 (requiring the expulsion of students who possess a firearm at school, on school property, or at a school supervised activity). ⤴︎
  2. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6301(i)(3). ⤴︎
  3. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6301(i)(5). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Kentucky

Kentucky prohibits any person from knowingly possessing or carrying a firearm, whether openly or concealed, in a building, on a bus, or on any other property owned, used or operated by any elementary or secondary public or private school.1 This prohibition does not apply to, inter alia:

  • Persons possessing firearms for instructional or school-sanctioned ceremonial purposes;
  • A postsecondary school or a school of higher education;
  • Adults who possess firearms which are contained within vehicles and which are not “brandished” while the vehicle is on school property;
  • Any other persons, including exhibitors of historical displays, who have been authorized to carry a firearm by the board of education or board of trustees of a public or private institution;
  • Persons hunting during the lawful hunting season on lands designated as open to hunting by the board of the educational institution; and
  • Persons possessing unloaded hunting weapons while traversing the grounds of any public or private school, unless the grounds are posted with a sign prohibiting entry.2

With certain exceptions, public or private universities, colleges, and other postsecondary education facilities (including technical schools and community colleges) may prohibit the carrying of concealed weapons by licensees on their properties.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 527.070(1). ⤴︎
  2. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 527.070(1), (3). Other exceptions include persons possessing guns when conducting or attending a “gun and knife show” when the program has been approved by the board of the educational institution. Id. ⤴︎
  3. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.115(1). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Louisiana

Louisiana prohibits any person from carrying a firearm, openly or concealed, on school property, at a school-sponsored function, or in a “firearm-free zone” (which includes a school campus, an area within 1,000 feet of a school campus, and inside a school bus).1 The term “school” includes any elementary school, secondary school, high school, vocational-technical school, college or university.2 This prohibition does not extend to the 1,000 feet outside of school property if:

  • The location is entirely on private property;
  • The location is entirely within a private residence; or
  • The firearm is carried in accordance with a concealed handgun permit.3

Louisiana law also requires the expulsion of any student found in possession of a firearm at the school.4

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. La. Rev. Stat. §§ 14:95.2, 14:95.6. ⤴︎
  2. La. Rev. Stat. § 14:95.2(B)(1). ⤴︎
  3. La. Rev. Stat. § 14:95.2(C)(4), (N)(11). ⤴︎
  4. La. Rev. Stat. § 17:416(C)(2). ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Maine

Maine law prohibits possession of a firearm on public school property.1 In 2010, Maine adopted a law extending this prohibition to the property of approved private schools.2

No law in Maine prohibits possession of a firearm on the campus of a college or university, however, colleges and universities may regulate the possession of firearms on their property.3

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. Me. Stat. 20-A, § 6552. ⤴︎
  2. 2009 Me. ALS 614 § 2. ⤴︎
  3. Me. Stat. 20-A, § 10009. ⤴︎

Guns in Schools in Maryland

Maryland prohibits any person from carrying or possessing a firearm on public school property.1

Exceptions to this prohibition include persons engaged in an organized shooting activity for educational purposes and persons who, with a written invitation from the school principal, display or engage in a historical demonstration using a weapon or a replica of a weapon for educational purposes.2

There is no exception for possession by handgun permit holders.

This law does not apply to an off-duty law enforcement officer who is a parent, guardian, or visitor of a student attending a school located on the public school property, provided that:

  • The officer is displaying the officer’s badge or credential; and
  • The weapon carried or possessed by the officer is concealed. ((Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-102(a)(2).)

See our Guns in Schools policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

 

Notes
  1. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-102(b). In Maryland, a county superintendent or the superintendent’s representative shall suspend a student for a minimum of one year if that student possesses a firearm on school property. Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305(f)(2). The superintendent may specify, on a case-by-case basis, a shorter period of expulsion or an alternative educational setting, if alternative educational settings have been approved by the county board, for a student who brought a gun onto school property. Md. Code Ann., Educ. § 7-305(f)(3). See also Md. Code Regs. 13A.08.01.12-1. ⤴︎
  2. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-102(a). ⤴︎