Persons Prohibited from Purchasing/Possessing Ammunition

In order to sell, transfer, purchase or otherwise acquire any handgun ammunition in New Jersey, the transferee must be a licensed gun dealer, wholesaler or manufacturer, or possess a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card, a permit to purchase a handgun, or a permit to carry a handgun.1

Handgun ammunition may be transferred for lawful use in certain narrow circumstances.2 In addition, the sale of a “de minimis” amount of handgun ammunition for immediate use at a firearm range is permitted if the range is operated by a: 1) licensed firearms dealer; 2) law enforcement agency; 3) legally recognized military organization; or 4) rifle or pistol club which has filed a copy of its charter with the Superintendent of the New Jersey State Police.3

Ammunition Seller Record-keeping

Retail sellers of firearm ammunition are required to maintain a permanent record of ammunition acquisition and disposition.4 Acquisition records must be kept at the business location and record the name of the manufacturer, the type, caliber or gauge, quantity of the ammunition acquired, the date of each acquisition and person from whom the ammunition was acquired. Disposition records must be in bound form and contain the date of the transaction, name of manufacturer, caliber or gauge, quantity of ammunition sold, name, address and date of birth of purchaser, and identification used to establish the identity of the purchaser. Sellers must record sales or other dispositions of handgun ammunition and ammunition that may be interchangeable between rifles and handguns, as well as hollow-nosed or dum-dum ammunition.5

Minimum Age to Purchase/Possess

New Jersey prohibits any person from selling, giving, transferring, assigning or otherwise disposing of handgun ammunition to a person under age 21.6

Regulation of Unreasonably Dangerous Ammunition

New Jersey generally prohibits any person from manufacturing, causing to be manufactured, transporting, shipping, selling or disposing of any bullet primarily designed for use in a handgun, which is comprised of materials that allow it to breach or penetrate body armor.7 New Jersey also prohibits any person from knowingly possessing any ammunition primarily designed for use in a handgun that is comprised of materials capable of breaching or penetrating body armor.8

New Jersey also prohibits the knowing possession of any hollow nose or dum-dum bullet.9 Hollow nose and dum-dum are terms associated with bullets designed to expand on impact. These terms are not specifically defined under New Jersey law.

The federal prohibition on certain kinds of armor-piercing ammunition also applies.

See our Ammunition Regulation policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.

Notes
  1. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-3.3b. ⤴︎
  2. Pursuant to N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-3.3f, ammunition may be transferred for use in a lawfully transferred firearm for: 1) temporary transfers for use at firing ranges under the direct supervision of the lawful owner of the firearm or a dealer or instructor (N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-3.1); 2) temporary transfers of a firearm for training purposes only (N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-3.2); or 3) limited exceptions to the ban on possession of firearms by minors (N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-6.1). ⤴︎
  3. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-3.3g. ⤴︎
  4. N.J. Admin. Code § 13:54-3.14(b). ⤴︎
  5. Id.. ⤴︎
  6. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:58-3.3c. ⤴︎
  7. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-9f(1). See also N.J. Admin. Code § 13:54-3.14(d), which prohibits any person from selling, giving, transferring, assigning or otherwise disposing of “body armor penetrating bullets” to persons other than certain federally-licensed collectors of firearms and ammunition, the Armed Forces of the United States or the National Guard, law enforcement agencies and licensed firearms dealers. ⤴︎
  8. See N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-3f. ⤴︎
  9. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2C:39-3f. ⤴︎